Minggu, Desember 19, 2010

Tempeh... One of Indonesia's Food

The origin

Tempe whitish color due to fungal hyphae that attach soybean seeds.

Unlike other traditional soy foods are usually from China or Japan, tempeh from Indonesia.  It is unclear when the manufacture of tempeh begins. However, this traditional food has been known since many centuries ago, especially in order to eat the Javanese culture, particularly in Yogyakarta and Surakarta. In chapter 3 and chapter 12 manuscripts Fiber Centhini with Java setting of the 16th century (Fiber Centhini itself is written in the early 19th century) had found the word "tempe", for example by mentioning the name of dishes Jae Santen tempeh (a type of cuisine tempeh with coconut milk) and Kadhele Srundengan Tempeh. This and other available historical records indicate that it may at first be produced from soybean tempe black, came from traditional rural society might Java-developed in the area of Mataram, Central Java, and developed before the 16th century.

The word "tempe" probably derived from the ancient Javanese language. In the days of ancient Javanese have a white food made from corn starch called tumpi. Tempe fresh white that also appear to have similarities with those tumpi food. 

In addition there are references about tempeh than in 1875 in a Javanese-Dutch dictionary. Other sources say that the manufacture of tempeh begins during the era of Forced Planted in Java. At that time, the Javanese people are forced to use the yard, such as cassava , yams and soy, as a food source. In addition, there are also opinions that say that tempeh may be introduced by the Chinese people who produce the food type, ie koji1 fermented soybeans using Aspergillus.  Furthermore, the technique of making tempeh spread throughout Indonesia, in line with the spread of Javanese society migrate to all parts of the country. 

Tempe in Indonesia
Fried Tempe

Indonesia is the country's largest soybean producer in the world and become the largest soybean market in Asia. Some 50% of Indonesian soy consumption takes the form of tempeh, 40% knew, and 10% in other products (such as tauco, soy sauce, etc.). Tempe consumption average per person per year in Indonesia is currently expected around 6.45 kg. 

At the time of Japanese occupation in Indonesia, the prisoners of war who were fed tempeh spared from dysentery and malnutrition.  A number of studies published in the 1940s until the 1960s also concluded that many prisoners survived World War II because of Tempe .  According to Onghokham, protein-rich tempeh has saved the health of Indonesia's population is dense and relatively low income. 

However, the name of 'tempeh' never used in the urban areas of Java, especially Central Java, to refer to something that is of poor quality. Terms like 'mental tempe' or 'tempeh class' is used to denigrate the sense that it was talking about poor quality because it is cheap like tempeh.  Sukarno, Indonesia's first president, often warned the Indonesian people by saying, "Do not become a nation of Tempe."  Only in the mid-1960s this view began to change about tempeh.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s there have been numerous changes in the manufacture of tempeh in Indonesia.  Plastic (polyethylene) began to replace banana leaves to wrap tempe, yeast-based flour (produced from 1976 by Indonesian Institute of Sciences and is widely used by Producers Cooperative Tempe Tofu Indonesia, Kopti  began to replace traditional laru, and soybean imports began to displace local soybean. Tempeh production increased and the industry began to be modernized in the 1980s, partly thanks to the participation of Kopti who stood on March 11, 1979 in Jakarta and in 1983 had consisted of more than 28,000 manufacturers of tempeh and tofu.

Technical standards for tempeh has been established in the Indonesian National Standards and the prevailing since October 9, 2009 is ISO 3144:2009. In these standards, soy tempeh is defined as "products obtained from fermented soy beans by using Rhizopus sp., Compact solid-shaped, white, slightly grayish and tempeh distinctive smell." 

Tempe Outside of Indonesia

Tempe is known by the people of Europe through the Dutch people. In 1895, Prinsen Geerlings (chemistry and microbiology experts from the Netherlands) conducted the first attempt to identify the tempeh mold.  tempeh companies in Europe first started in the Netherlands by immigrants from Indonesia.

Through The Netherlands, Tempe has been popular in Europe since 1946. Meanwhile, Tempe popular in the United States after the first made there in 1958 by Yap Bwee Hwa, an Indonesian who first conduct scientific research on tempeh.  In Japan, Tempe studied since 1926 but only began to be produced commercially around 1983.  In 1984 already 18 companies listed in Europe Tempe, 53 in America, and 8 in Japan. In some other countries, such as the People's Republic of China, India, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, Canada, Australia, Latin America, and Africa, tempeh is becoming known in limited circles. 

Pak Rustono factory, an Indonesian tempeh king in Japan.

Travel in the cool autumn air to the mountains of Katsuragawa, located about 30 kilometers from Kyoto is a journey that presents the natural beauty of Japan. Winding uphill road Momiji decorated trees whose leaves start turning red bright along the road. The fog covering the tops of mountains and pine forest and ends up in a green valley. Japanese traditional thatched house still looks thick here and there with a typical garden as if united with nature. That was my initial encounter with Rustono (41), the King of Tempe, as the Japanese call friends.

Packaging weighing 200 grams with label Rusto's Tempeh pictorial illustration village life in Java atmosphere scattered in various supermarkets in Japan. A traditional Japanese house, cultural heritage which has been two centuries old, is where I met Rustono agreement. When the legs begin to move into the wooden gate in a fenced yard bamboo, soprano sax sound blast that hummed the song "Going Home" from Kenny G. Apparently the king was busy singing a song full of longing that immerses it by sitting on a big rock in the middle of the park under the shade of a tree Momiji, ditingkah splashing sound crystal clear river that divides the village, accompanied by his wife at his side.
The spirit of longing"The village is the birthplace of the page always brings longing," Rustono explained when asked about his favorite song was. "And singing with a blast of sax sound is the rhythm of the soul most deeply," he added.

Longing for homeland in a small town Grobogan, far in the hinterland of Central Java with the expanse of rice fields and teak forests, apparently still bothered Rustono despite being 13 years he lived in Japan.

For those who graduated from the Academy of Hospitality Rustono Sahid (entry 1987), it is not a nuanced melancholy longing protracted, but carriers of the spirit of life path decisions.

In 1997, after six years of working in the Hotel Sahid Yogyakarta, changes in the way of life began to show its direction. When a group of Japanese tourists visiting Yogyakarta, an angel of the State of the Rising Sun, Tsuruko Kuzumoto, a tall, slim fair-complexioned Rustono fascinate. And apparently she was not unrequited. That year also went Rustono catch up to Japan and begin his new life in Kyoto.

Various job he ever did. From working in the company until the company's bread vegetables. There Rustono many Japanese employees noticed the work ethic. In addition to full responsibility, they also attempted to reach the target and to participate in maintaining the production quality. Even the Japanese government is very careful to periodically check the quality of the production, review the company, until notice of cleanliness of the room, including equipment and desk work.

According to observations Rustono, food is the most basic needs of human life. That is why all forms of food produced in Japan and the industry is very advanced. Rustono conceived in the mind, why not try to open a food business that does not exist in Japan. His inspiration came after knowing nato, compatriots from soy foods that taste is very typical for Japanese tongue.

Be he tried to make tempeh with little knowledge he had ever known. For four months he was struggling trying to make tempeh, with yeast from the Indonesian and Japanese soybeans, but always failed. Until then using the water from the fountain at the residence-in-law, he managed to make tempeh.

The long journey

The road to business success that he traveled very long and steep. Although successful in the experiment to make tempeh, he was not sure was right. Surely it's not just because it uses the original water from springs directly.

After her first child, Noemi Kuzumoto, aged three years, with the permission of his wife Rustono back to Indonesia for three months to learn to make tempeh tempeh to 60 crafters all over Java.

Some crafters do exist that are not entirely giving the secret manufacture of tempeh, but many things he could absorb from the experience of crafters tempeh in Central Java. For example, why can better feel the savory tempeh, how the results tempe is wrapped with bamboo leaves or banana leaves, or with plastic, and how it can produce good tempe fermentation.

Which is then no less heavy is licensed production in Japan. He has to go through research and testing in the laboratory, must meet the ability to be responsible for the quality and content of production material in accordance with the one shown on the packaging that the nutrient content of soybean tempeh and nutritional equivalent of meat, including compliance with packaging recycling.

Constraints can also be severe enough that he's going through is about to face the natural climate in Japan. Tempe fermentation can only be successful in 60 percent humidity weather to 90 percent, which of course is not a problem in Indonesia. In Japan, which has four seasons, has the required air humidity Tempe only in summer. However, through a little research and painstaking, the results are very large. He can regulate humidity in all seasons in the production room.

Production equipment also results Rustono own innovation. Soybean washers he modification of the former squid washing machine that he can from fishing companies. Similarly, for the packaging, she brought homemade machine Bantul and Surabaya.

The King of Tempe

Although this is only a joke nickname his colleagues, it did nothing wrong. Now the production capacity Rustono every five days could reach 16,000 tempeh wrap with packing 200 grams. To support the production, he entered into contracts with soybean farmers in Nagahama, Shiga region.

It started from small-scale businesses with the marketing from door to door. He wakes up his own production house without builder's architectural and without thinking, but only with intuition intuition similar artists. And of home-based business that now Rustono to achieve better development in the region tempe factory-eyed forest edge of water, on land 1,000 square meters.


In Japan already many books about tempeh peel. Among the most famous being The Book of Tempeh, writing Shurtleft William and Akiko Aoujaga. This large book complete with descriptions and illustrations of interesting about the making and the benefits of tempeh with the cultural background of Indonesia, especially Java.

There are also books published by the Association of Tempe in Japan run by the professors and nutritionists. This association held a research and each year hold a seminar on tempeh. One of the study is the nutrient content of tempeh is not less than beef.

They introduced the tempeh with the motto "good food is not necessarily healthy, delicious food can not nourish. However, the food is delicious and healthful tempeh! "Terberitakan also a cosmetics company producing beauty with mushroom fermented tempeh into the capsule that supposedly can smooth the skin.

Problem of patents that were once a gossip in our country that Japan claimed Tempe, Rustono explained, "Ah, that's a misunderstanding. How can we patent the tempeh until everyone in America knows tempeh is a food native to Indonesia. Whether Japan will also be patented sashimi or sushi? They just patented a processed burger, not tempenya. "

He was not wearing employee but worked tempenya production business with his family.

Sabtu, Desember 04, 2010

Zayed National Museum in Abu Dhabi, one of the museum's environmentally friendly!

This building is a museum on Saadiyat Island, Abu Dhabi is known as the Zayed National Museum.
Besides the architecture of this building itself resembles a bird or insect wings, the building was also an environmentally friendly building for trying to save electricity by using a system called Thermal Chimney.
Use of this system will automatically reduce the heat that comes into the building and means will be able to save the use of refrigeration (AC).
Thermal Chimney itself is a natural system that resemble the shape of a chimney that will save / capture the hot air and release it back outside so that the building is not too hot.The museum is still under construction has a total of approximately 66,042 m2 and will be filled with a variety of things ranging from galleries, restaurants and more.

For Pic 

For Video


Jumat, November 26, 2010

Tenganan Village , traditional & authentic Balinese Village of yore.

Tenganan is a village which has its own unique retreat, the village which lies quite isolated and located at Karangasem. To reach this village by road and is about 60km from downtown Denpasar, Bali. The village is very traditional as it can withstand the current era of very rapid change of technology.

Although the facilities and infrastructure such as electricity, etc. go into this Tenganan Village, but the house and is maintained tradition as the original is still exotic. This is because the Community customs regulations Tenganan have a very strong village, which they call by-awig awig they've written since the 11th century and was refurbished in the year 1842.

Tenganan Village has approximately 1.5 million hectares of land area, when the resorts - another tourist retreat rapidly growing such as Kuta Beach, Amed Beach, which is very lively with the presence Hotel, Beach, Café, and nightlife. Village Tenganan still standing strong not concerned with changing times to stick with the three village hall is dull and traditional houses that lined the exact same one with the other. And not only that this village is also retained by descendants of marriage among fellow villagers. Therefore Tenganan village remains traditional and exotic, although the Society Tenganan receive input from the outside world but still it will not quickly change, because the rules of traditional village / awig-awig have a very important role towards the village of Tenganan.

To enter the village is very difficult, before entering the village area of Tenganan, we are going through a window, there we are not required to pay. It's because no ticket / tickets are sold, but we give whatever donations we want  to village guard , before entering the tourists have to go through a fairly narrow gate which is passed only by one person. Income Tenganan Village residents are also not clear how much revenue, because there still use the barter system. There are many plants, rice fields, water buffalo that freely roam their environment.

To boost their tourism potential,  many Villagers who sell their crafts to tourists. Artshop also can we see once we stepped foot kepintu in, they sell a lot of crafts. Like Woven bamboo carvings, miniature paintings carved on palm leaves that have been burned, and the most famous is the fabric grimace. This fabric is very unique because with a quick look at we can immediately find out if the cloth is handmade. Fabrics include expensive, and only produced in the village of Tenganan only. When the process requires a long time, because due to the color - the color contained gringsing fabric derived from plants and require special treatment. Although many tourists are becoming more and more to come this village, but unfortunately they are still less souvenir shopping. Said the painter I Made a mini painting on palm leaves.

Being in this village we feel safe and peaceful atmosphere, village residents are very welcoming and friendly. We can get around the area of the village and witness their daily activities. At our best to be there at the time of the afternoon, because in the afternoon they usually  had their activities. And gathered in front of their homes, and no doubt they go out and gather with other residents. And at this time we can watch and see the behavior and customs of traditional culture they are very thick. So it is worth if they were called BaliAga / Original. 

Sabtu, Oktober 02, 2010

7 Enchantment of Siem Reap

Siem Reap, the former army headquarters city of the country controlled by bloodthirsty ruler of the Khmer Rouge, now developed wonderfully into an international tourist destination. Even Siem Reap obtain status as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the Seven New Wonders of the World. Though only 20 years ago this area off limits to tourists, local residents were terrorized and dominated by the fear of one of the most brutal regimes in the world.

Today, with ancient ruins in the area of Angkor Wat, Siem Reap, a city that is alive and in 2007 received nearly one million visitors through its international airport. While Angkor Wat is the central attraction, but that does not mean the city of Siem Reap do not get attention, by having the facilities of restaurants, museums and galleries the best in the region.

Amazing Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat temple is the largest, most well maintained, has the most intricate designs and most admirable in Indochina, a jewel in the crown of a vast kingdom of Angkor. The temple is a source of national pride and international recognition, encased reliefs of the Hindu epic Ramayana. Like most Hindu temples in Asia, Angkor Wat looks more beautiful at dawn or before sunset, when the sky filled with colors that highlight the five towers.

Nine Figures
For the first Asian to know you have to understand the trust on the continent, and this is seen clearly in the environment of Angkor Thom, a temple that was glued to the number nine. Saying "nine" is similar to the word "development", and almost everything on the temple can be compared to this figure - 54 towers carved, 216 faces in the tower, 54 gods to the left of the entrance, and 54 demons on his right - all these figures can be added up to a point 9.

Other Temples
Another Angkor temple is also famous Ta Prohm, roots of trees surrounded by hundreds of years old. The root of the tree makes Ta Prohm interesting photo so that the objects of successful reaching tourists. Bayon is also known as "Temple's face", and when you are there, easy to understand why the name was girded. Once you climb the stone steps to the shrine inside the temple, when looking up will appear hundreds of stone carving faces looking at you. There is also Banteay Srei, a temple filled with amazing carvings fulfill every inch of stone there. Even with current technology, almost impossible to make the patterns as precisely and as complex as it is in stone sculpture.

River Revitalization
About 50 km northeast of Siem Reap, there is the Thousand Linga River flows into the river in Siem Reap are essentially filled with carvings Linga - the symbol of phallus which is very common in Cambodia. Estimates, carvings were made between 1100-1300 to symbolize fertility. Now the river is a perfect place to enjoy the tropical beauty of Siem Reap.

Tonle Sap
Siem Reap not only has a world famous archaeological sites, but also has one of the largest and most colorful lakes in Southeast Asia. UNESCO has set the Tonle Sap as a biosphere reserve, nature reserve is a habitat for wildlife water several rare birds and became the only river in the world that the water flow changed two times a year.

Contemporary Art
Fine art in Siem Reap is in progress, you can find everything from cheap souvenirs to expensive art work. Some noteworthy places art lovers, among others: the McDermott Gallery, where world-class photography
Angkor and the surrounding area display; The Red Gallery, which has the most diverse collection of contemporary art from Cambodia, and The Asian Craft Center, where various kinds of traditional handicrafts in Cambodia and Southeast Asia.

Photo credits - Travel Aficionado

Colonial Architecture
Siem Reap has colonial era buildings of the French heritage that is now converted properly. Located at the intersection and roundabout calm, the buildings became hotels, restaurants and the best gallery in Siem Reap, like Raffles

Grand Hotel D'Angkor, the most luxurious hotels in the city was founded in 1932. The hotel was once visited by many VIP guests, including King Norodom Sihanouk, Charlie Chaplin, the Sultan of Johor and even Jacqueline Kennedy.

Senin, Agustus 02, 2010

6 Unique Basement

Seattle Underground

Seattle has a fascinating underground district that’s more well-known than most others. Pioneer Square was the birthplace of Seattle; the district was built on filled-in tidelands in the very early days of the city. After 25 city blocks were destroyed in the Great Seattle Fire of 1889, Seattle officials made two important decisions: all new buildings must be made of stone or brick, and the rebuilt area would be one to two stories higher than the original buildings.

Path, Canada

PATH is not only well-known; it’s openly advertised as the largest underground shopping complex in the world. While Toronto’s subterranean passageways aren’t exactly hidden or mysterious, they are still quite interesting. The origins of the network can be traced back to the early 20th century, when stores built simple underground passages to get shoppers from one location to another. Then, in the 1960s city planners decided to un-clog the crowded downtown sidewalks by moving shopping centers underground. The massive 17 mile network is almost like an entire city on its own with shopping facilities, restaurants, banks, entertainment and public transport all linked up.

Double Dekker city, Canada

Montreal boasts its own substantial underground area known as RESO. It is said to be the largest underground complex in the world at over 4.6 square miles. Taking shops and public transit link-ups underground helps to keep travelers out of the often-harsh Quebec weather, and the complex is also an important destination for many tourists. But permanent residents of the city tend to see the subterranean network as just another part of Montral.
Another record-setting underground space is SubTropolis, a huge former limestone mine resting beneath the ground of Kansas City, Missouri. Occupying 55 million square feet, the man-made cave is what was left over after a 270-million-year-old limestone deposit was mined out of the area. The resulting space is climate-controlled, protected from the elements and stable enough that the USPS rents space there. With offices, storage and industrial outfits occupying the rental units, SubTropolis’ owners have trademarked the phrase World’s Largest Underground Business Complex.

Coober Pedy, South Australia

It’s not always economics that drive a city to build underground. Coober Pedy residents choose to live underground to escape the brutal daytime desert heat of the world above ground. Most locals choose to live in “dugouts,” or underground homes literally dug out of the landscape with picks and shovels. Digging out an underground home in the town costs about the same as building an above-ground one, though since the town is known as the opal capital of the world there have been plenty of reports of diggers paying for the entire cost of their new home with opals they find during the digging process.
Cappadocia, Turki

Like the residents of Coober Pedy, the people who settled what is now called Cappadocia, Turkey retreated underground due to the nature of the land. There was little to build with in the area, so residents simply carved homes out of the stone. The cave-like homes have existed for thousands of years and passed between many countries’ hands, but they have remained strong and sturdy.

Kamis, Juli 22, 2010

Kalimantan Island & Us

 Kalimantan historical Culture and Rainforest wealth on it's 540.000 square Kilometers area is unique for trekking and expedition through the connected trails that lead you to mostly virgin forest. You can stay overnight in the local houses of the villages. In the Hinterland of Kalimantan The villages can only be reached by foot or missionary aircraft. The Jungle Trails range from 2 hours to weeks in length, depending on the route you choose. Kalimantan Dayak cultural treasures that survive deep within the rainforest jungle of Indonesia ’s largest island. You can discover a virtual The Dayak people in the villages at Kalimantan are trustworthy, and have a good sense of humor. Almost Each Dayak Tribe is self sufficient, and producing all their own food and supplementing their diet hrough hunting. Hunting is with either home-made rifles, blowpipes or packs of dogs and spears. In the Hinterland of Kalimantan, money is difficult to come by as they are isolated from markets. PT. Gigantara is in unanimous agreement for the area's forests to be protected and for more tourists to arrive. You will be warmly welcomed. No one in the area speaks any English, so if you hire another guide at least some knowledge of Indonesian will be required.

While it is often Raining at Kalimantan, The more dry period of July-September is the best. The forest is at its loudest, leaches are few, trails dry up and butterflies are plentiful. Although you will have to contend with hot afternoons and lots of honey bees. In recent years the climate has been more difficult to predict than usual. Second-best time is November-December when fruit and wild boar are in abundance. November also tends to be dry and is honey harvesting season.Actually all the months are OK for travel at Kalimantan, while January and February are the months with the most rainfall, but is still a mixture of sun and rain.

Jungle Treks at Kalimantan Island

Kalimantan’s dense jungles terrain can be found at the upper parts of the Rivers at Kalimantan Islands. The remote jungle area's have traditionally kept the region isolated from all but the most adventurous travelers, and is providing Adventure travelers the tour of their dreams into the deep interior of Kalimantan. We can arrange itineraries to suit the adventure traveler and jungle trek lover. Jungle trekking off the beaten path in search of endangered flora and fauna, including black orchids, orangutans and freshwater dolphins; visits to remote Dayak Punan tribes; river rapids cruises and jungle hiking are only some of the adventures that X-treme Borneo offers you.

Our expeditions are a collection of explorations that reflect the particular passions of favorite places. They have been designed for those in search of unforgettable experiences and for those who are adventurous in body and spirit.

The National Parks at Kalimantan comprises the largest remaining block of rainforest in Borneo and as such forms a very important refuge for numerous species, including many species that are endemic to the Bornean mountain bioregion. The reserves consists of species-rich dipterocarp lowland, hill forest and clouded mountain forest ranges

29 Days Cross East Kalimantan Adventure Tours

From the Isolated Krayan Area at Indonesia Borneo Island Kalimantan, cruising down Krayan River to the Bahau River.Trekking to the Apokayan and downstream Mahakam River. Traditional Dayak Tribes, with a wealth of ecological and cultural treasures that survive deep within the rainforest jungle. The area is home to several Dayak ethnic groups from Punan to Krayan and from Kenyah to Kayan and Tunjung to Benuaq. There are many archaeological

sites, diverse flora and fauna, caves, rapids, Longhouses, dense Jungle. Here is where the adventure awaits.

The Cross East Kalimantan Tour Expedition are a collection of exploratories and Indonesia dream destination journeys that reflect the particular passions and favorite places. We created the Borneo adventure tours for those who search a indigenous Dayak Culture in the deep dense jungle with it's exotic flora and fauna. Borneo travelers will have an unforgettable experience trip in Indonesia, however, it is designed for those who are adventurous in body and spirit.

This is the last remaining tropical forests on the planet Earth, who now races with oil palm estates and coal mines, as well as 'illegal logging'. In fact, let it be, used as the lungs of the world, and other countries' deposit required 'to RI as part of the' oxygen taxes ", plus tour the forest and 'off road' ... had a lot of money that could be in the handful Indonesian Government.

For Jungle

For animal

For Orchid

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