Selasa, Desember 27, 2011

History of Indonesia’s Batik

Batik is historically derived from the days of Indonesian Fathers, known since the seventeenth century, written and painted on palm leaves. At that time batik motif or pattern is still dominated by the shapes of animals and plants. But in the history of the development of batik have evolved, from painting motifs of animals and plants slowly turned to abstract motif that resembles a cloud, temple reliefs, beber puppets and so on. Furthermore, through the merger of painting with the art of decorating style clothing, batik art emerge as we know it today.

Type and traditional batik patterns have very much motif, but the pattern and its variations in accordance with the philosophy and culture of each region that very diverse. Cultural treasures such a rich nation Indonesia has prompted the birth of various styles and types of traditional batik with the characteristics of its own specialty.

The development of Batik in Indonesia
The history of batik in Indonesia associated with the development of the Majapahit kingdom and the kingdom afterward. In some records, the development of batik is mostly done in times of Mataram kingdom, then in the kingdom of Solo and Yogyakarta.

Batik art is the art image on the cloth for clothing which became one of the family cultures of the kings of ancient Indonesia. Initially batik is done only limited in the palace alone and proceeds to dress the king and his family and his followers. Because many of the followers of the king who lived outside the palace, the art of batik was brought by the palace and carried them out in place of each.

The Process of Making batik
In the development of batik art gradually imitated by the people nearest and further extends the work of women in the household to fill leisure time. Furthermore, batik clothes that used only the royal family then became popular folk clothing, both women and men.

White fabric that is used when ancient time is the result of homespun. Coloring materials are being used consists of plants native to Indonesia made itself among others of: mengkudu tree, tinggi, soga, nila, and the soda material made from soda ash, and salt is made of mud.

So this batik in Indonesia has been known since the time of the Majapahit kingdom and continued to grow until the next kingdom. As for starting the spread of this batik art belongs to the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribe is after the end of the eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced of manual batik (we have to write the patters manually) is all up to the early twentieth century and printed batik is known only after the 1st world war or about 1920. Now, batik has become part of Indonesia's traditional clothing.

Pekalongan Batik
Although no official records to be known when the batik began in Pekalongan, but according to estimates batik Pekalongan is already exist around the year 1800. In fact, according to data recorded at the Ministry, batik was made 1802, like a small tree motif in the form of clothing material.

However, a significant development expected to occur after a major war in the year 1825-1830 in the kingdom of Mataram are often referred to Diponegor war. With the onset of this battle royal family and urged his followers to leave many areas of the kingdom. They then spread toward the East and West.

To the east of Solo and Yogyakarta Batik batik patterns that have been perfected in Mojokerto and Tulungagung to spread to Gresik, Surabaya and Madura. Batik is being developed westward in Banyumas, Kebumen, Tegal, Cirebon and Pekalongan. Given this migration, the batik Pekalongan is preexisting growing.

Over time, Batik Pekalongan has evolved considerably in comparison with other regions. In this area Batik developed around the coastal areas, namely in the area of the city and region Buaran Pekalongan, Pekajangan and Wonopringgo.

Pekalongan Batik Museum
Pekalongan public encounter with various nations such as China, Dutch, Arabic, Indian, Malay and Japanese in ancient times have colored the dynamics in full color motifs and batik art.

In connection with the several types of batik motifs result of the influence of various countries are then known as Pekalongan batik identity. As for motive, among others Jlamprang inspired batik from India and Arabia, batik Encim and Klengenan, influenced by the Peranakan Chinese, batik Pagi - Sore by the Dutch, and batik Hokokai, growing rapidly since the Japanese occupation.

Cultural development of printing techniques using dye lid motif night (candles) on the cloth which was then called batik, indeed inseparable from the influence of those countries. This shows the context of flexibility batik from time to time.

Pekalongan batik became highly distinctive because it relies entirely on hundreds of small businesses, rather than on a handful of entrepreneurs. Since decades ago until now, most of the production process Pekalongan batik done in homes. As a result, Pekalongan batik fused Pekalongan closely with community life which is now divided into two administrative regions, namely the Pekalongan Municipal and Pekalongan District.

Tidal development of Pekalongan batik, show Pekalongan worthy of being an icon for the development of batik in the archipelago. The icon for works of art that never gave up with the times and always dynamic. Now, batik has become a breath of everyday life in Pekalongan residents and it is one of the flagship products. This is because many industries that produce batik. Since the famous with batik products now Pekalongan known as the City of Batik. The nickname comes from a long tradition rooted in Pekalongan. During that long period, various properties, the variety of uses, type design, and quality of batik is determined by the climate and the presence of fibers of local, historical factors, commerce and community readiness to accept and understand new ideas.

Batik is an art culture that is admired the world, among the traditional variety produced by dye technology hurdles, none of which can be present as beautiful and as smooth as batik Pekalongan.

Mendut Temple - Indonesia's Hystory

Legacy of glory and fame school of Mahayana Buddhism in particular there are still building temples as evidence of history in Indonesia include: Borobudur, Mendut, Pawon, Sewu, Kalasan, Plaosan, Ngawen, Sari, Sojiwan and Granary Temple. All the history of the temple building was located on the southern part of Central Java province. There are also Barelang temple in Riau, Sumatra and the Gunung Temple in the Old South Tapanuli.


Mendut founded by the first king of the Wangsa Syailendra dynasty in 824 AD, based on the Karang Tengah inscription in 824 AD, named Indra with Cri Sanggramadananjaya title. This temple is facing southwest. Mendut (= Venuvana) meaning bamboo forest. History Mendut built earlier than the Borobudur and often is used to Mendut Buddhist religious ceremonies.

The only room in the temple there is an altar which includes three statues, the statues are located facing the entrance, visible from the middle is the statue of Sakyamuni - Buddha statue with chakra mudra, the right of Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva statue crowned Buddha Amitabha and the left, there is a statue Vajravani Bodhisattva. The number of stupas that is around the temple as many as 48 pieces. It’s high about 26.4 m. This temple was rediscovered in 1836.

In 1897-1904 again reorganized as corrected. And in 1908 renovation improvements held by Th. Van Erp, followed in 1925. A number of stupas that have been recognized fitted to be restructured. Outer wall of the temple ornaments sculpted reliefs of Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva who looks so very beautiful, besides there is the Bodhisattva Maitreya, Vajrapani and Manjusri. At the door of the room there are reliefs depicting angels’ kalpataru Hariti and Atawaka (Asylum and archaeological heritage, Central Java).

Jumat, Desember 23, 2011

Takabonerate - The Coral Heaven

Not many know that the National Park Takabonerate, Selayar Island regency, South Sulawesi, lays the 3rd largest coral islands in the world after Kwajalein in the Marshall Islands and the Maldives Islands Suvadiva. If you already visited the center in Bulukumba pinisi boats don’t forget to cross the wade into these waters.

Waves slapping wooden ship with capacity 20 people were slowly tame. The traveler's eyes fixed on the sea that glowed in the distance. Gradations of blue and green water surrounded the coral that pops up. "Wow, is that atoll (coral)," asked Piotr Kordas (30), a tourist from Poland with a tone of awe.

Atoll is one type of coral islands are formed from skeletons of sea creatures is microscopic.

With the broad reach 220,000 hectares, atoll in the Flores Sea is like a strand lapislazuli and emeralds are "embeddable" in a stretch of ocean. In fact, the photos are scattered on various internet pages were not able to compete in this atoll sensation when witnessed firsthand.

As an initial illustration, look at the map. From Makassar boat sail 240 kilometers to the southeast or five-hour overland journey to Bulukumba. From there, you can wade through the Bira Port to Pamatata Port - Selayar Island with distance of 80 kilometers or about two hours away by fast boat.

Arriving at Pamatata, continue road trip as far as 60 kilometers or an hour towards the Citadel, the district capital Selayar Islands. Then, from Pier Pattumbukang at the Fort, visitors return to the region crossed Takabonerate. Two islands that could be an option is Jinato and Tinabo Great equally are pursued through the eight-hour cruise with a timber ship.

To save time, available Sabang Merauke Air Charter aircraft this flies Makassar-Selayar. By plane with22 people capacity, you can arrive at the airport Aroepalla, Selayar, within 40 minutes.

Sailing into Takabonerate is actually comparable to the experience on board. When I visit in order Takabonerate Festival, 19-22 November, there are sunny weather and relatively calm seas. However, South Sulawesi Governor Syahrul Yasin Limpo have to deal with bad weather and big waves that pick up the helicopter finally get to the island Jinato.

Weather and waves that cannot be predicted is one of the challenges to get to this location. You choose the sea route should prepare the drug.

Heaven atoll

As the name implies, Takabonerate means coral island in the sand. Coral species in this area is the coral reef barrier (barrier reef), fringing reefs (fringing reef), and coral reefs ring (atoll).

The three types of reefs are composed by biodiversity, ranging from live coral, dead coral, algae, seagrass beds, up to a mound of sand or Bungin (sand dunes). Coral is home to at least 362 species of reef fish, such as from family Chaetodontidae, Labridae, Scaridae, and 261 types of coral.

Coming to Takabonerate is mean preparing for a challenging marine tourism. In addition to the atoll, in the national park there are 21 grouping of islands that seven of them uninhabited. To explore it, we only have an option of motorized wooden boats.

One of the goals in Takabonerate certainly Tinabo Big Island, treats the main attractions in this area. From a distance, a wooden pier, a row of palm islands, white sand as soft as flour and waving as if to immediately approach.

Clear water and soft corals that we can enjoy with the naked eye. No wonder Piotr Kordas was immediately tempted to try snorkeling in this place.

Compared to other islands, a new island that has been equipped lodging and post-run monitoring Takabonerate National Park just the Tinabo Besar Island. Departing from here, visitors can go to-22 point dive to explore the underwater panorama, including seeing sharks (Sphyrna spp) to grouper from close range.

Various activities are also prepared to fill the time, such as tree planting and transplanting corals. The beauty of this island can be enjoyed even by walking along the beach area of five hectares.

Tinabo Besar is an option if you want to drown yourself in the peace of the island. Visitors can take a tour package offered by Hall TN Takabonerate with tariff Rp 800,000 to Rp 1 million per day. This includes the cost of transportation from the Citadel to Tinabo, accommodation, meals, and delivery to the point of the dive. Some travel agents who managed foreign businessmen also offer a similar package, but certainly in the U.S. dollar exchange rate.

If you want a memorable vacation, stay at home everyday people to explore and Bajoe Bugis who settled on the island. Some islands are usually visited by tourists are the Island and Island Rajuni Jinato.

Jinato island inhabited by 1327 the majority of residents work as fishermen. This place also hosts the Festival Takabonerate. Residents receive visitors who come to stay in their homes. At leisure, you can mingle with people who will be happy to serve coffee or tea.


Takabonerate do require travel to struggle and patience. Limited facilities and infrastructure, such as fresh water, resort, and telecommunications signals on the island is a challenge to develop tourism. Ships as the only mainstay for Takabonerate to be hired at a cost of Rp 2 million. Because there is no regular shipping.

Long and expensive journey sometimes makes tourists prefer traveling in Selayar no less seductive. Selayar east coast, for example, is known as a diving point dive junkies.

Jowvy Kumala (41), employees of telecommunications companies in Makassar, took a dive on the east coast prior to Takabonerate. "Its Biota is interesting because a lot of big fish. Feeling at home the fish could see the white shark fins and fish bumphead close, "said the woman who had to dive in Bunaken National Park and the Raja Ampat.

Tourism in Selayar can be solace for those who failed went to Takabonerate. This is the mission that was carried at least the local government. "To build a marine tourism, we started from because for the first Selayar Takabonerate is difficult," said Regent Selayar Syahrir Wahab.

In Selayar, do not forget to buy emping, one of domestic food in Takabonerate. Then, when returning to Bulukumba is time to stop at Bira Peninsula (known as a center for pinisi boat building). In this area are also available pinisi miniatures.

With emping, pinisi miniature, and shipping certainly it is hard to forget the sensation Selayar and surrounding areas.

ASEAN Tourism Forum Held in Manado

The tourism ministers of ASEAN countries will meet in the ASEAN Tourism Forum (ATF), will be held in Manado, North Sulawesi, 8 to 15 January 2012. At the same time also held exhibitions and tourism exchanges or Travex (Travel Exchange), which bring together buyers and sellers of ASEAN and foreign tourism.

"Implementation of this time ATF 2012 held in Manado, because this city is one of the destinations MICE (Meeting, inventive, Convention and Exhibition) world class," said Deputy Minister of Tourism and Creative Economy, Nirwandar, Friday (23/12/2011) in Jakarta.

Sapta said, ASEAN tourism minister meeting in ATF 2012 is scheduled to take place at the Grand Kawanua Manado Convention Center on January 13, 2012. The meeting will be the theme of "ASEAN Go Green". In addition to tourism ministers from 10 ASEAN countries will attend the world tourism officials, among others, UN-WTO Secretary General, President of Aspac, and CEO of PATA, will be the speaker.

Meanwhile Travex activities will be followed by 400 buyers from foreign countries, 900 sellers, and 100 international media. Until December 19 1343 participants have already confirmed attendance with details of 383 buyers, 886 sellers and 74 international media. Kemenparekraf predict ATF totaling about 1,450 participants consisting of 400 buyers, 950 sellers and 100 media.

The buyers came from ASEAN, Asia, Aspac, Europe, Middle East, and America, were the sellers are from Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Filipinos, and Thailand. The international media will come from ASEAN countries, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Middle East, and America.

Indonesia hosted the Bandung conference in ATF (1986), Jakarta (1991), and Yogyakarta (1996).

Jumat, Desember 16, 2011

Selection of Exhibitors Indonesia Fashion Week 2012

The fashion industry is still ranked first in the creative economy industry in Indonesia. Recognizing the important role of the fashion industry in the national map trade and industry, Ministry of Industry gave its support in Indonesia Fashion Week (IFW 2012).

To enliven this fashion event, as many as 250 local fashion designers and entrepreneurs of small and medium enterprises will get a subsidy from the Ministry of Industry to participate fill out a fashion show. Until now there are more than 200 participants who follow this selection process. Subsidies will be provided in the form of a free booth, which will normally be rented for Rp 13-14 million.

"The granting of these subsidies are part of our efforts to achieve the target growth of the fashion industry, namely by cooperating with related associations and providing greater opportunities for entrepreneurs fashion that we consider have the potential to move forward," said Euis Saedah, General Director of Small and Medium (HPI) of the Ministry of Industry, in the event exhibitors gathering at the Ministry of Industry, South Jakarta, Friday (12/16/2011).

Subsidies provided through the selection process conducted by the fashion advisor, amounting to 13 people, consisting of fashion observers and actors. The assessment is based on the value of local products, creativity, innovation, diversity, and quality products. Products to be displayed include the product ready to wear, wedding, and Kidswear. Thirteen judges who select the Retno Murti (fashion editor and entrepreneur), Amy Wirabudi (InStyle magazine's editor), Ardistia Dwiastri (designer), Moses Widyatmodjo (designer), Elvara Jandini (stylist), Chitra Subiyakto (fashion stylist Square Indonesia), Fikri Satari (businessman), Susan Budihardjo (designer), Ninuk Pambudy (Senior Editors Compass), Tuty Cholid (designer), Jetty R Hadi (Director of Arts and Culture Indonesia Islamic Fashion Consortium), Tini Sardadi (owner Art Kea) , and Irma Hadisurya (former Deputy Chief Editor of Femina magazine).

"IFW is the best tool for the fashion industry to grow and develop. Not only more than 400 fashion exhibition that will be the main attraction of this business, including buyers and retailers, but also a means of empowerment through seminars and workshops to be held for four days. Event it also features 31 fashion shows from hundreds of designers, "said Amy Wirabudi, Chairman of the IFW 2012.

The event is held on the initiative of the Association of Indonesian Fashion Designers Entrepreneurs (APPMI) and supported by ACT (the event organizer Compass Group of Scholastic Magazine). IFW will take place starting on February 23 to 26 2012.

Kamis, Desember 08, 2011

Raja Ampat, Favorite Travel Destination!

Raja Ampat earned the accolade Favorite Travel Destination in Indonesia awards Tourism Awards 2011 in Jakarta, Thursday (08/12/2011) night.

Apart from Raja Ampat, Denpasar and Badung get the same award. This means the Province of Bali put the two cities / counties in the category of Favorite Travel Destination City.

While the city with the best service achieved is Malang. In the second place, onece again achieved by Denpasar-Bali.

Then, which a tourist attraction which become favorite tourist destination? Return Raja Ampat and Bali called. Three attractions include beach Waisai residing in Raja Ampat, Tanah Lot in Tabanan, Bali, and Park East Java, Malang.

Bali again called for winning the award in the Best Provincial Tourism Development. Besides Bali, won the same award are Jakarta and Yogyakarta. Special award given to Sawahlunto Tourism and the Pacific Islands Province.

Categories surveyed in the Indonesia Tourism Awards 2011 include county / city the best in travel services, city favorite tourist destination, and tourist favorite. There is also an award are chosen based on the competition program, the provincial government that is most committed to the development of tourism.

In addition, there are also awards for best supporting tourism industry is divided into sub-sectors, among others, star hotels, airlines, travel agents, taxis, restaurants, golf, spas, and shopping malls. Especially for hotels, golf, spa, travel agency, and the restaurant based on the judging.

SWA Magazine act as organizers of the survey. The survey was conducted in 25 cities. The cities selected are a list of cities with regional gross domestic income (GDP) in the area of the largest tourism.

In addition to the survey, also conducted by Focus Group Discussions (FGD). There are 60-90 tourists who we survey in each city, both foreign tourists and tourist archipelago.

The 25 cities are Belitung, Batam, Badung, Jakarta, Bogor, Cirebon, Denpasar, Jakarta, Surabaya, Makassar, Manado, Padang, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Tanah Toraja, West Lombok, Raja Ampat, Sawahlunto, Surakarta, Yogyakarta, Surabaya , Semarang, South Jakarta, Samarinda, and Medan.

The survey was conducted of 1,500 tourists archipelago consisting of 1350 tourists and 150 foreign tourists. Also involved 100 respondents from among professionals and executives. Aspects considered include cleaning, tourist information, reasonableness of cost, promotion, the diversity of objects, security, uniqueness of the object, and hospitality.

History of the Malay Archipelago Area Tourism Inaugurated

Today, Friday (12/09/2011), scheduled to be held the inauguration of the Malay Archipelago History Area Tourism (Sulalatus Salatin). The inauguration was marked by the unveiling History Area Tourism Samalanga Malay Archipelago.

The event was held on the initiative of the Foundation, chaired Tun Sri Lanang Pocut Haslinda Muda Hj In Azwar was supported by Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, the Ministry of Education and Culture, and Bireuen regency.

"Tomorrow (Friday) event will we precede in the District Samalanga, to the tomb of Tun Sri Lanang," said Regent Bireuen Nurdin Abdul Rahman in the closing day seminar persona Tun Sri Lanang at his official home on Thursday (12/08/2011) night.

In addition to inaugurate the Malay Archipelago History Area Tourism Samalanga, will also be traveling to the site Tun Sri Lanang in Samalanga, signing the inscription Salalatus Salatin, the Monument Pocut Meuligue, and pilgrimages to the tomb of Tun Sri Lanang.

"We as heirs also will submit a Letter of waqf land titles to the Regent Bireuen. One hectare land area," said Hj Pocut Haslinda to, Thursday night.

Pocut Haslinda said, in the land area of one hectare, among others, will also be built Library Tun Sri Lanang. "Laying the first stone will be made tomorrow (today) after the signing of the inscription," said Haslinda.

History Area Tourism inauguration Samalanga Malay Archipelago is a string of seminars on the persona Tun Sri Lanang Sejaran Two Nations in Indonesia and Malaysia held in Bireuen District Office on Thursday. In addition followed by participants from Indonesia, the seminar also presents speakers from Malaysia and Singapore.

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