Jumat, Maret 25, 2011

Jaipong Dance (Indonesian Dance)

Indonesia is not just rich in culture but additionally rich with a variety of arts, dance arts jaipong lone who comes from west Java. The following is a bursting explanation of jaipong dance, ranging from understanding jaipong dance, dance history and development of Dance jaipong jaipong.

Dance jaipong

Jaipongan is a rivulet of dance with the aim of was born from the creativity of an comedian from Bandung, Gugum Gumbira. Attention to folk art, lone of which is Tap Tilu makes knowing the patterns of dance movement traditions exist in Kliningan / Bajidoran or Tap Tilu. Opening schedule, pencugan, nibakeun and several kinds of movement of several arts mincid higher than hold a sufficient amount inspiration to develop a dance or art with the aim of is right away notorious as the Jaipongan. Having the status of a social dance, dance Jaipong successfully urban by the comedian dances are in style in the kinship of Sunda and highly favored by the make somewhere your home of West Java (in particular), and even in style until outside West Java.

Calling Jaipongan in point of fact not recently be reminiscent of the kind of nice-looking traditional Sundanese dance with dynamic movement. Hands, shoulders, and hips for all time been a dominant part in the pattern of the sprightly movement, accompanied by beating drums. Especially in female dancers, all of it is for all time accompanied with a sweet smile and cast in the eye. This is the kind of social dance in traditional Sundanese dance with the aim of emerged in the recent 1970s with the aim of its popularity to this date still live in the kinship.

History of Dance Jaipong

Before this form of performance art program, near are several forms of dance influences behind this alliance. Indoors West Java, instead of model, social dance is the influence of the Ball Room, which is generally in a social dance, may well not be separated from existence and pamogoran ronggeng. Ronggeng in social dance is rebuff longer functioning instead of activities of the ceremony, but instead of entertainment or a way of killing unfashionable. The existence ronggeng in the performing arts has an appeal with the aim of invites sympathy instead of the pamogoran. For model on Tilu Tap dance is so well notorious by the Sundanese make somewhere your home, is likely this art in style around the time 1916. Having the status of the folk performing arts, this art is supported just by unfussy elements, such as waditra with the aim of includes fiddle, drums, two kulanter, three percussion, and gongs. Similarly, the dance schedule with the aim of organize not hold a standard pattern of movement, a unfussy outfit performer as a reflection of democracy.

Along with the waning type of art higher than, the ex- pamogoran (spectators who amusement an enthusiastic role in the performing arts Tap Tilu / Doger / Tayub) switched its attention on the performing arts Kliningan, which in the north coast of West Java (Karawang, Bekasi, Purwakarta, Indramayu, and Subang ) notorious as Kliningan Bajidoran dance patterns and measures with the aim of program has more or less similarities with the before art (Tap Tilu / Doger / Tayub). Indoors the meantime, the existence of cloaked dances in Banjet quite in style, especially in Karachi, someplace more or less Bajidoran movement pattern taken from the dance in this Banjet Mask. Indoors koreografis dance is still bring to light the patterns of tradition (Tap Tilu) which contains elements of the opening schedule, pencugan, nibakeun and several kinds of movement mincid which in twirl turn into the basis of the creation of dance Jaipongan. Some basic dance schedule Jaipongan apart from Tap Tilu, Ibing Bajidor and Mask Banjet is Tayuban and Pencak Silat.

Dance jaipong

The appearance of dance facility Gugum Gumbira at the start called Tap Tilu development, with the aim of is for the reason that it is a basic dance from Tap Tilu development. The originally operate Gugum Gumbira still very thick with color Ibing Tilu Tap, both in conditions of choreography and iringannya, who subsequently dance it became popularly notorious as Jaipongan.

Typical Jaipongan kaleran sort, which is fun, erotic, humorous, excitement, spontaneity, and simplicity (naturally, whatever they are). This was reflected in the pattern of presentation of dance on the program, near is a specified pattern (Ibing pattern) as in art Jaipongan in Bandung, additionally near are additionally dances with the aim of are not dipola (Ibing Saka), instead of model in art Jaipongan Subang and Karawang. This name can be found in Jaipongan kaleran sort, especially in the area of Subang. Indoors the presentation, this kaleran Jaipongan sort, as follows: 1) Tatalu; 2) Flower Gadung; 3) Fruit Kawung Gopar; 4) Dance Opening (Ibing Pattern), generally performed by a single performer or Sinden Tatandakan (sinden attack but can not sing but dance songs sinden / interpreter kawih); 5) Jeblokan and Jabanan, is part performance as the audience (Bajidor) Sawer money (jabanan) while welcome paste. Jeblokan name is defined as couples who advanced relating sinden and the audience (Bajidor).

Dance Development Jaipong

Work Jaipongan originally began to be notorious by the freely available is dance "Leaves Pulus Keser Bojong" and "Rendeng Bojong" both of which are types of dance girls and dance in pairs (boys and girls). From the dance with the aim of emerged a a small amount of names with the aim of are trustworthy Jaipongan dancers like Tati Saleh, Yeti Mamat, Eli Somali, and Pepen Dedi Kurniadi. Early appearance of the dance had turn into a conversation; the central announce is the movement of the erotic and bad. But from the a small amount of print media exposure, last name Gugum Gumbira seemly notorious society, especially afterward the dance Jaipongan in 1980 staged by the central station TVRI Jakarta. The crash of the popularity of the more increases the frequency of performances, both in the method of television, a celebration or celebrations held by the secretive sector and government.

Attendance Jaipongan hefty contribution towards the instigators of the art of dance to more actively explore the types of folk dances with the aim of were previously excluding attention. With the appearance of dance Jaipongan, used by activists to organize dance courses dance Jaipongan, used additionally by businessmen pubs as a red herring night invited guests, someplace the development of broaden topic opportunities this kind of dance was formed by activists as an effort by the money-spinning empowerment Dance Studio names or groups in more or less areas of West Java, instead of model in Subang with Jaipongan sort "kaleran" (north).

Further development occurred dance Jaipongan in 1980-1990's, someplace Gugum Gumbira create an alternative dance such as Toka-toka, Setra Sari, Sonteng, Pencug, Heron dazed, parade procession Leaf-Puring, Rawayan and dance Kawung Anten. From these dances appear more or less skilled dancers Jaipongan include Iceu Effendi, Yumiati Mandiri, Miming Mintarsih, Nani, Erna, Mira Tejaningrum, Ine Dinar, Ega, Nuni, Cepy, Agah, Aa Suryabrata and Asep.

Today the dance Jaipongan be called as lone of identity West Java culture, this is perceptible on several main measures concerning to visitors from foreign countries who came to West Java, it was greeted with Jaipongan dance performances. Similarly, with art missions to foreign countries for all time equipped with a dance Jaipongan. Dance Jaipongan affect many other crafts in the kinship of West Java, both on the art of wayang/puppet, gamelan, Genjring / Terbangan, Kacapi jaipong, and almost all freely available performances as well as on up-to-the-minute dangdut song which collaborated with Jaipong.

Minggu, Maret 06, 2011

Is True Borobudur Temple Heritage of Solomon?

Read the title beyond, certainly many citizens who would frowned, as a sign of disbelief. Clothed in verity, it might as well with you. Therefore, the Prophet Solomon was a envoy of God certain privilege to his capability to conquer all of God's creatures, together with wind power is subject matter to the say-so of Allah. Clothed in verity, birds and the genie every time act upon Solomon.

According to Sami bin Abdullah al-Maghluts, in his put your name down for diagram History of Prophets and Messengers, Prophet Solomon estimated to live in the 9th century BC (989-931 BC), or not far off from 3,000 years before. Meanwhile, the Borobudur Temple as it is in black and white in diverse books of nationwide history, founded by the line line by the side of the last part of the 8th century AD, or not far off from 1,200 years before. Therefore, it is natural with the aim of many citizens who might laugh wryly, laughing, and shaking his head whilst acknowledged with the aim of Borobudur Temple was founded by the Prophet Solomon.

Borobudur is a Buddhist temple. Adjacent to the temple of Borobudur is Pawon and Mendut. A a small number of kilometers from Borobudur Temple, Prambanan Temple near, Kalasan, Candi Sari, Plaosan, and others. The temples close to Prambanan is a Buddhist temple with the aim of was founded around the time 772 and 778 AD.

So, pardon? To resolve with Solomon? Is it factual with the aim of Borobudur Temple is a relic of the Prophet Solomon and the lofty lofty? What is the evidence? Is it factual with the aim of near are traces of Islam in the chief Buddhist temple? Of classes need to study thorough and have to do with all parties to corroborate the validity and truth.

However, if the beyond questions locate to the KH Fahmi Basya, the Islamic mathematician will answer it; factual. Borobudur is a relic of Prophet Solomon with the aim of exist in the soil of Java.

Clothed in his put your name down for, Islamic Mathematics 3 (Republika, 2009), KH Fahmi Basya mentioned selected characteristics of Borobudur temple which happen to evident as a heritage the son of David. Among them, the forest or the soil of Saba, Saba connotation, the refer to of Solomon, the bitter fruit maja, elimination of the palace the Queen of Saba to Solomon's territory, buildings with the aim of are not resolved by the genie, the gathering place of the Queen of Saba, and others.

Clothed in the Qur'an, the story of Prophet Solomon and the Queen of Saba is mentioned in surah An-Naml [27]: 15-44, Saba [34]: 12-16, al-Anbiya [21]: 78-81, and others. Of classes, many resolve not believe whilst Borobudur is a heritage of Solomon.

Among the reasons, as Solomon lived in the 10th century BC, while Borobudur was built in the 8th century AD. Then, according to many parties, measures and story of Solomon's event in the Palestinian territories, and Saba in southern Yemen, while the Borobudur in Indonesia.

Of classes this creates curiosity. Moreover, KH Fahmi Basya reveal the evidence based on the testimony of the Koran. Then, pardon? If legally binding impermeable of Borobudur is lasting Solomon or building construction is a expertise Solomon?

According to Fahmi Basya, and as a writer find out through the existing reliefs, indeed near are selected symbols, which is impressive and is identical with the story of Solomon and the Queen of Saba, as a account of the Koran. The basic is not far off from the ark, a box or chest which contains the heritage of David to Solomon AS. Perhaps, in it near is the put your name down for of Psalms, the Torah, and the level of Moses, and allot harmony. On the reliefs limited in Borobudur, was a chest or ark was guarded by someone.

"And their Prophet thought unto them: 'Surely a sign he will happen to king, is the return of the ark to you, in it near is serenity from your lady and the have a break of the dynasty heritage of Moses and the dynasty of Aaron; ark was passed by the angels. Verily in this near is a sign in place of you, if ye who believe '. "(Surah Al-Baqarah [2]: 248).

Second, the job is not finished whilst the genie who know Solomon had died. (Surah Saba [34]: 14). When to know Solomon's death, the genie had to bring to a halt toil. At Borobudur, near are unfinished figure complete. The figurine is called the Unfinished Solomon.

Third, the genie was well thought-out to build tall buildings and making sculptures. (Surah Saba [34]: 13). While is famous, near are many Buddha statues by the side of Borobudur. While a prohibitive building or buildings with the aim of are Prambanan temple.

Fourth, Solomon spoke with the birds and animals. (Surat An-Naml [27]: 20-22). There was besides relief. Clothed in verity, the reliefs of Borobudur is motivated by a quantity of frame rate and birds. There are besides a quantity of reliefs of other animals, like elephants, horses, pigs, dogs, monkeys, and others.

Fifth, the story of the Queen of Saba and the citizens who worship the sun and bowing to fellow soul beings. (Surat An-Naml [27]: 22). According to Fahmi Basya, Saba channel the gathering or gathering place. Hud-hud bird squeezing out of Saba, for the reason that birds resolve not know the refer to of the area. "Never mind the birds, humans solitary whilst it is beyond the jet, will not know the refer to of a city or terrain," he explains. Added Fahmi Basya, soul gathering place with the aim of is by the side of Ratu Boko Temple which is located not far off from 36 kilometers from Borobudur. This distance besides allows the bird to travel in a single air travel.

Sixth, Saba is in Indonesia, namely Wonosobo. Clothed in the Qur'an, Saba area wild with trees with the aim of very much. (Surah Saba [34]: 15). Clothed in Ancient Jawi language dictionary, compiled by Dr Maharsi, the word 'Wana' connotation forest. So, according to Fahmi, wana saba or Wonosobo is a forest of Saba.

Seventh, the fruit of 'maja' bitter. When the lofty flood (Sail al-Arim) befall the region of Saba, the trees around him happen to bitter as the punishment of God to folks who deny his revelations. "But, they go away, We bring to them the lofty flood [1236] and we restore them with two flash plot is wild plot (the trees), bitter fruit, trees and a crumb of tree Atsl Sidr." (Surah Saba [34 ]: 16).

Eighth, the refer to of Solomon refers to this as the refer to of the Javanese. Prefix word 'su'merupakan Java names. And, Solomon is the solitary prophets and apostles with the aim of 25 citizens, whose names introduction with 'Su'. Ninth, Solomon sent a note to the Queen of Saba through bird Hud-hud. "Go ye to bring this note." (Surah An-Naml [27]: 28). The minister thought the note was in black and white on gold plates as a form of wealth of the Prophet Solomon. He added with the aim of the note was found in a pond by the side of the Temple of Queen Boko.

Tenth, the building is low (Sidrin qalil). See Sura Saba [34] 16). The buildings are low it is a region Queen Boko Temple. And near are a quantity of stupas who live a little. "This proves with the aim of the palace of Queen Boko Palace is the Queen of Saba, who was transferred by order of Solomon," thought Fahmi asserted.

Besides the evidence beyond, he added, near are many more other evidence viewing with the aim of the story of the Queen of Saba and Solomon event in Indonesia. While the Monsoon winds blowing from Asia and Australia (Surah Saba [34]: 12), the story of a lost or enthused palace, Queen Bilqis dialogue with the princes whilst he traditional a note Sulaiman (Surat An-Naml [27]: 32), refer to Sleman District, Subdistrict Salaman, Village Salam, and others. With the evidence beyond, Fahmi Basya believe with the aim of Borobudur is a heritage of Solomon. What not far off from the readers? Only God knows. Allaah knows superlative.

Jumat, Maret 04, 2011

Knowing the Nyepi Day Closer In Bali Indonesia

Nyepi is derived from the quiet (silent). Nyepi Day is actually a celebration of New Year according to Hindu calendar / Saka calendar, which began in 78 AD. Unlike the new year celebration AD, Saka New Year in Bali begins with solitude. There are no activities as usual. All activity was removed, including public services, such as the International Airport was closed, but not for hospitals.
The main purpose of Nyepi is pleading before God Almighty, to purify Buwana Alit (human nature / microcosmos) and Buwana Supreme / macrocosmos (the universe). Before Hari Raya Nyepi, there are several series of ceremonies which the Hindus do, particularly in the area of Bali.
Melasti, Tawur (Pecaruan), and Pengrupukan 

Three or two days before Nyepi, Hindus perform ritual purification by Melasti or also called Melis / Mekiyis. On that day, all the means praying in the Temple (shrine) in the wine to the beach or lake, because the sea or lake is the source of holy water (Tirta Amrita) and can purify all leteh (gross) in man and nature.
The day before Nyepi, namely the "Tilem sasih Kesanga" (month of death that to-9), Hindu ceremony Blind Yadnya at all levels of society, ranging from individual families, banjo, village, district and beyond, by taking one of the types caru (such offerings), according to his ability. Blind Yadnya were each named Panca Sata (small), Panca Relatives (medium), and Tawur Great (large). Tawur or pecaruan itself is a purification / pemarisuda Buta Kala, and all leteh (impurities) are all expected to disappear. Caru undertaken at home each consisting of rice abroad (five) colors of 9 duel / package along with side dishes pauknya, such as chicken Brumbun (colored) along tetabuhan wine / wine. Blind Yadnya is addressed to the Blind King, Blind and Batara Kala Kala, by pleading that they might not bother people.
Mecaru pengerupukan followed by a ceremony, which is spread spread tawur rice, torch-obori home and around the yard, menyemburi house and yard with gunpowder, and hitting any objects (usually gong) to speak crowded / noisy. These steps are taken to expel Buta Kala of the home environment, yards, and the environment. Especially in Bali, pengrupukan usually celebrated with a parade ogoh-ogoh Buta Kala embodies that paraded around the neighborhood, and then burned. Goal is the same which drive Buta Kala from the surrounding environment.
The Summit of Nyepi 

The next day, ie on Kedasa Purnama (full moon to-10), it's actually the Nyepi Day. On this day like a dead atmosphere. No busy activity as usual. On this day Hindus perform "Catur Brata" Penyepian comprising observe geni (no berapi-api/tidak use and / or turn on the fire), observe the work (not working), observe lelungan (not traveling), and observe lelanguan (not listening entertainment). And for those who can also perform asceticism, fasting, yoga and semadhi.  
So for the new, completely new start with a clean white page. To start a new life in the year Caka anything, this base is used, so that everything we do starts from nothing, pure and clean. Each person knowledgeable (the wruhing tattwa Jnana) implement Brata (restraining the passions), yoga (connecting people with paramatma (God), tapas (suffering endurance exercise), and Samadi (united to God, the goal ultimately is the sanctity of inner and outer).
All of it becomes imperative for Hindus to have the mental preparedness to face any challenge life in the new year. Habit of celebrating the holiday with the pleasure-loving, gambling, drunkenness is something wrong habits and should be changed.
Ngembak Geni (Ngembak Fire)

The last series of the Saka New Year celebration is a day that falls on Geni Ngembak "ping pinanggal kalih" (December 2) sasih kedasa (moon X). On this day Saka New Year is entering the second day. Hindus do Dharma Shanti with large families and neighbors, give thanks and sorry forgive each other (ksama) each other, to start the new year a clean sheet. The core philosophy Tattwamasi Dharma Santi is a view that all human beings all over the earth as a creation Ida Sanghyang Widhi Wasa should love each other with each other, forgive all the mistakes and errors. Living in harmony and peace.

Ogoh - Ogoh

Ogoh-ogoh is a work of sculpture art in Balinese culture is Bhuta Kala describe personality. In Hindu Dharma teachings, Bhuta Kala represents strength (Bhu) of the universe and time (Kala) is not measurable and irrefutable.
In the embodiment of the statue in question, Bhuta Kala described as large and intimidating figure, usually in the form of Rakshasa. Apart form of Rakshasa, Ogoh-ogoh are often depicted in the form of creatures that live in Mayapada, Heaven and Naraka, such as: dragon, elephant, eagle, Widyadari, even the gods. In its development, there are made to resemble famous people, such as world leaders, artists or religious figures and even criminals. Related to this, there is also the smell of political or racial intolerance, although this actually deviate from the basic principles of Ogoh-ogoh. Ogoh-ogoh example depicting a terrorist. In its main function, Ogoh-ogoh as a representation of Bhuta Kala, made before the Nyepi Day and rollicking paraded around the village at dusk Pangrupukan, a day before the Nyepi Day.
According to the scholars and practitioners of Hindu Dharma, this process will force the human keinsyafan symbolizes the universe and time that is most fierce. The power includes power Bhuana Great (universe) and Bhuana Alit (human beings). In view Tattwa (philosophy), this power can deliver sentient beings, especially human beings and the whole world to happiness or destruction. All this depends on the noble intentions of man, as God's most noble creatures in the care of herself and all the world

Rabu, Maret 02, 2011

Mystery of Prambanan, Is He Built as Holy Water Temple?

Exposure Crawfurd (1820) originally gave the calendar to Prambanan temple "did not originate from a very remote antiquity"; estimates were around the 12th century or 13. But experts further argued that the famous temple is also known as Loro Jonggrang temple was built around the second half of the 9th century or the beginning of the 10th century, namely in times of dynasty rule end dynasty in Central Java. Later, based on the translation of the Old Javanese inscriptions pertaining to the inauguration Sivagrha 'Abode of Shiva', De Casparis (1956), an expert in epigraphy, affirmed his stance dating to 856 AD. 


Borobudur rival 
Dating postponement of course a consequence of the lawsuit on the theory that emphasizes development as a rival Loro Jonggrang Borobudur Temple. The existence of the Prambanan complex that does away with a kind of Buddhist temples Sewu, Plaosan, and Sojiwan, and the inscription which mentions Rakai Pikatan from Wangsa Sanjaya who was married to the daughter of the House of dynasty, seems to reinforce arguments for the existence of religious strife between the two families. Through an edited book, Praise of Prambanan, Roy Jordaan offer ideas and views on other possibilities. 

Praising the book first Prambanan is present in the English edition under the title In Praise of Prambanan: Dutch Essays on The Loro Jonggrang Temple Complex in 1996 by KITLV Press in Leiden. Roy Joordan who acted as his editor, dividing the book into two parts. First, it presents a long description of Prambanan in a fairly detailed review. And second, he was loading a number of writings of Dutch scholars who reputedly became closed because of the publication is still in Dutch. 

Ocean Milk Myth 

It is common that many scholars who discuss and Prambanan temple architecture connects with Mount Meru, the abode of the gods. Stutterheim (1929) revealed that the idea of Meru revealed very clearly in the Temple of Loro Jonggrang. In the temple that we can find relief about the tree of heaven and lions at the base of the temple, the singers, dancers, and musicians heaven on the railing, the guardians of the wind at the foot of the main temple building, as well as statues of the gods who are placed in the recesses and on the inside of the temple. The overall composition implies a mountain of the gods.

The study of literary works such as Ramayana Kakimpoi also significantly bolster the opinion of the symbolism of the temple with Mount Meru. Roy Jordaan mentions that the translation Poerbatjaraka (1932) on the Ramayana text, provides a story about benchmarking temple with Mount Mandara, the mountain which in many ways similar to the Mount Meru-through reports Hanuman eye.

But one thing is very attractive to Jordaan. When looking at these ancient literary works, he was so stunned by exposure to stories that emphasize the myth Stirring Ocean Milk: Hanuman saw, "commensurate with the crystal Temple Mount Mandara, the page is like Ocean of Milk. Jewels and pearl like buihnya; the clear cold water bath drink of the gods (who pops up from the Ocean of Milk is stirred).

Roy Jordaan to wonder, whether designed as a temple of Prambanan temple holy water (holy water sanctuary)? A number of evidence relating to the restoration of the temple during this page in its history is often a difficult question the puddles dry up.

Jagat Spirit  

Description Krom (1923) explained that the fence in the fence-page large temples at Prambanan wall design does look to have a strong and sturdy. Jordaan maketh the wall by the evidence as tamwak wall (dam or dams), which supports the hypothesis about the temples of Prambanan as holy water. Jordaan also see that the inscription Loro Jonggrang vaguely offensive about the movement of birds and the traffic of merchants and village officials who come to bathe for believing in magic protection (siddhayatra) and blessing (mahatisa) of water in there. 

At least jaladwara (guttering) seems to also show evidence that does not require rapid passage of water from the pages of the temple. Roy Jordaan even imagine. If Loro Jonggrang and Sewu was designed as part of a complex large-scale worship, surely the whole region is the "Holy Land" which is dedicated to the "Spirit of Jagat" ("He is the Absolute") or Parambrahma (n)-word later in later became the Prambanan. 

Presumably not excessive if it is not just Prambanan that deserve praise. We, too, deserves praise persistence editors who've struggled to probe the stack of information that was almost thrown. Roy Jordaan with his expertise has been successfully lifted and the couple returned a number of interesting sources ever written past the experts who have grappled with the stones of the temple on the border was DIY-Jateng. It is estimated that new research will emerge again to uncover the mystery of Prambanan. 

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