Selasa, Juli 26, 2011

Honai. Home for Papuans

Honai is a typical house in the central highlands of Papua which is inhabited by a tribe Damal; tribe Dani; tribe Moni; tribe Me; and relatives of other tribes in Papua. Honai houses made of wood with a conical roof made of straw or reeds.
Honai has a small door and have small windows, these windows serve to emit light into enclosed spaces, there is also honai who do not have to honai jendala women in general.
Honai structure built narrow or small in order to withstand the cold mountains. Inside this honai they put up a campfire in the tenga-tenga in order to warm their bodies at night. 

Honai house divided into three types, namely:
  1. Hi Tonggoi is Honai for men. Made larger in order to accommodate all men, whether traveling or heads of families in one village. Inside this tonggoi hi men mamasang bonfire in the middle and talk about life today and the future. Parents gather in honai His sons, and every night to teach them many things about the norms prevailing in society, and many things discussed in this honai.
  2. Hi Onggoi is Honai women. In honai specifically for women Mothers and daughters only, the form of rather small honainya within their family size.
  3. Boe Nai is Pig Cage. Honai was built just for maintenance pigs.

Minggu, Juli 10, 2011

Radya Pustaka Museum - Surakarta - Indonesia

Radya Pustaka Museum was built on October 28th, 1980 by Kanjeng Adipati Sosrodiningrat IV, all through the reign of Pepatih Dalem Pakubowono IX and Pakubowono X. It is located on Jalan Slamet Riyadi, lone of the foremost streets in Solo, in the Sriwedari Cultural and City Park, Surakarta.

To produce appreciation of the inventor of the museum, the Board of Paheman Radya Pustaka gives the first name of the eastern building the same as him. The building east of the museum was named WALIDYASANA, combination of the terms Walidi and Asana (place). This ground is bought by Sri Susuhunan Paku Buwana X worth of 65 thousand Dutch gulden from Johanes Busselaar under deed 13/VII thumbs down. 10 in 1877 tanaheigendom. To produce appreciation pro K.R.A. Sosrodingrat IV, the board made his effigy placed in the midpoint of the museum, which was formerly renowned as Loji Kadipolo.

The museum stored collection of ancient objects with the intention of be inflicted with a regard of distinguished art and history, such as marble and bust statues of Hindu and Buddhist era, ccollections of ancient keris (traditional Javanese weapon) and a variety of other traditional weapons, a fit of gamelan (traditional Javanese musical instrument), wayang kulit and wayang beber (traditional Javanese puppets), a collection of ceramics and other various art items. These items are gained from Kasunanan Palace, Kepatihan, GPH Hadiwijaya, donations and by purchasing.

Sabtu, Juli 02, 2011

Kasunanan Solo Palace

Kasunanan Palace is one of the exotic buildings in its time. One of the architects of this palace is Prince Mangkubumi (later titled Sultan Hamengkubuwono I) which is also the main architect of Kasultanan Palace (Yogyakarta). Therefore, it is not surprising that the basic pattern both palaces (the Yogyakarta and Surakarta) have a general equation. Kasunanan palace, as it is today, was not built simultaneously in 1744-45, but was built in stages by maintaining basic spatial patterns that remain the same as initially. Development and large-scale restoration recently performed by Susuhunan Pakubuwono X (Sunan PB X) who reigns from 1893 to 1939. Most of the palace is painted white and blue with a mixture of Javanese- Europe architecture.

Kasunanan Palace also known as Surakarta Sultanate Palace, built in 1745 by King Pakubowono II. It is the principal palace of Surakarta, and was built at the same time this city was found. This palace was intended to replace the old palace in Kartasura, about 12 km west of Solo.

In general, the division of the palace include: Alun-Alun Lor (North Square, Sasana Sumewa Complex, North Sitihinggil Complex, North Kamandungan Complex, Sri Manganti Complex, Kedhaton Complex, Kamagangan Complex, South Srimanganti Complex and South Kemandungan, and South Sitihinggil Complex and Alun-alun Kidul (South Square). These Palace complexes are surrounded by Baluwarti, a defensive wall of which height is about three to five meters and a thickness of about one meter without pavilion. These walls enclose an area with a rectangular shape. That area is about five hundred meters wide and about seven hundred meters long. The Palace complex that is inside the wall is from Kemandungan Lor to Kemandungan Kidul. Both complexes, Sitihinggil and squares, are not surrounded by this defensive walls.

The courtyard is dominated by a tower called Panggung Sanggabuwono, a mysterious tower where become the place of meeting between the King and Kanjeng Ratu Kidul, Javanese myth of the southern sea queens. Sanggabuwana Tower is the only monument in Indonesia which is full of dignity and peace, to tradition, art and culture of classical royal Javanese architecture.

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