Jumat, Mei 29, 2009

Tangkuban Perahu Mountain

Tangkuban Perahu Mountain is formed from Sangkuriang Story. Sangkuriang wanted merry her mother Dayang Sumbi. Dayang Sumbi declined his request because of he was her son. Sangkuriang have not known if Dayang Sumbi was his mother. Sangkuriang have cased away by his mother because of he killed his father (a Dewa or God that cased away from heaven and cursed because of he was falling in love with a women from the earth / human. He cursed be a dog, and Sangkuriang did not know that this dog was his father. He killed this dog because he was angry with him. The dog did not want to accompany him to look for branches to cook).

After Sangkuriang grownup to be a handsome man, he met with her mother. He was spellbound with Dayang Sumbi’s comeliness. (Dayang Sumbi was not be a old women because of she married with a God and she was be a beautiful women forever till she met her death). When Dayang Sumbi saw Sangkuriang, she remembered with her husband. She was falling in love in second time. And then, they were a couple. But, on a day, when Sangkuriang went to take a bath, he opened his clothe. And in that time, Dayang Sumbi saw his birth vestige. She was conscious that Sangkuriang was her son that she had cased away yet.

But Sangkuriang did not want to know. He loved Dayang Sumbi, and he wanted to marry her soon. He knew that Dayang Sumbi was his mother but he did not want to approve it. He still coercive Dayang Sumbi to be his wife. So Dayang Sumbi make a condition. She would be Sangkuriang’s Wife if Sangkuriang make a lake and a dugout in one night. Sangkuriang approved it.

Sangkuriang worked hardly. And before sunrise was coming, his work would be finished. Dayang Sumbi knew it. She prayed to the God to made sunrise come earlier. And God gave her petition. He made sunrise came earlier. And Sangkuriang failed.

He kicked the dugout. The dugout flied away and fell over the ground prone. And this dugout was a mountain. Tangkuban Perahu Mountain.

This story is be a land mark in Bandung City (West Java). And nowadays Tangkuban Perahu be one of recreation place in Indonesia

Rabu, Mei 27, 2009

the Corporation of Indonesia and Malaysia

Indonesia and Malaysia are joining hands to hunt down pirates who hijacked a Japanese-registered boat in the Straits o Malacca and kidnapped three seamen.

Indonesia navy spokesman Commodore Abdul Malik Yusuf said the Navy had dispatched three vessels to the area, near Penang and Pangkor island, where the boat was believed to have been attacked.

“We are cooperating with the Malaysian and Singaporean navies in chasing (the pirates),” Abdul Malik told The Jakarta Post on Thuesday.

A gang of about 15 armed off Malaysia’s Penang Island on Monday night. Holding the boat’s Japanese captain Nuboa Inoa, boat’s Chief engginer Shunyi Kuroa and a Filipino crewman Ido Gardo captive. The attack came just three days after an Indonesian-registered tanker was hijacked by 35 heavily armed pirates and abducted a captain and a chief engineer, whose fate remains uncertain.

At least seven people have been arrested or hoarding and selling fuel at higher prices than that set by the government.

City police natural resources crime Chief Adj. Sr. Comr. Ahmad Haydar said many fueal agents who were supposed to sell kerosene to factories for a higher profit.

The government has set the price of kerosene for household at Rp 700 per liter and at Rp 2,200 per liter for industry.

Ahmad said many agents licensed to sell, kerosene to household took advantage of the price gap by selling most of their stock to factories.

Many housewives, especially in Greater, Jakarta, have complained that the price of kerosene was too high from then and they had use firewood for cooking.

On Feb, 22 police arrested two agents for illegal setting and hoarding fuel. On Feb, 28 police arrested two other people for hoarding 20 tons o kerosene. On March 3, police detained a man only identified as SH in Jaka Sampurna, Bekasi, with more than 80 tons of kerosene, and another main in Cilincing, North Jakarta, identified as Ag With 30 tons of diesel oil.

Three people were sentenced to lie imprisonment on Thuesday for killing two female student of popular Muslim preacher. Abdullah Gymnastiar (Aa’ Gym). The sentence was n accordance with prosecutor’s demands.

Presiding judge Jihad Arkarnuddin said that the stiff sentence handed down to Robert, Jasmiko and Evan Roji was because it had been proven beyond reasonable doubt thet they were guilty of robbery with violence and causing death.

After the trial, a commotion broke out when a crowd of hundreds of people, rush the three convicts and attacked them.

A policeman who tried to break up the riot was hit by a student. Several students were detained, but later released.

The two season in Indonesia

Indonesia is located in a strategic position. It lies between two continents, Asia and Australia and between two oceans, the pacific and the Indian ocean or samudera Indonesia. It also lies under the equator with tropical climate. Because of the position, Indonesia has two seasons, the dry and the rainy seasons. The rainy season is from November to April.

The dry season is from May to October. During the seasons, Indonesia does not have rain. But sometimes, it rains with little rain-fall. The land is dry. Farmers grow another crops, such as: cassavas and corns. It is hot during the season.

The wet season is November to April. During the seasons, Indonesia has much rain. Usually it rains everyday with high rain-fall. The land is wet and muddy. Farmers grow rice. It is cold during the season. The air is humid. And it often happen flood.

Jumat, Mei 22, 2009



Badminton has surprisingly long history. It is derived from the game of battledore and shuttlecocks played in ancient Greece, India and China. In India it was called Poona. The British officials in India learn how to play the game and took it to England. Badminton took its name from Badminton House in Gloucestershire, the home of the Duke of Beaufort, where the sport was played in 1873. by coincidence, Gloucestershire is now the base for the International Badminton Federation.

IBF was founded in 1934 with nine members – Canada, Denmark, England, France, Ireland, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Scotland and Wales. There was a notable increase in new members after its inclusion in the Olympic Games at Barcelona. Development in the sport continues and the current 142 members are expected to increase further.

The first major IBF tournament was the Thomas Cup (world men’s team championships) in 1948. Since then, the number of world events has increase with the addition of the Uber Cup (ladies’ team), All England (individual), World Championships, Sudirman Cup (mixed team), World Juniors and the World Grand Pix. Up till now, only five countries are said to be big badminton countries, which dominate the badminton tournaments and produce international class player. They are Indonesia, Malaysia, China, Korea and Denmark. Event in the Thomas Cup, only tree countries have ever won it, namely Indonesia (winning 13 times), Malaysia (winning 5 times) and China (winning 4 times).

New competitions are planed including one-off spectaculars and the development of a Super Series. It is anticipated that these will attract greater sponsorship, prize money and television. In these days of mass communication, the role of television in a world sport is self evident. Television brings the action, the excitement and the explosive power of badminton into homes around the world. It pulls in the crowd to watch the action live; it also pulls in major sponsors.

Badminton has a rich history and its future looks even brighter. After its inclusion in the Olympic Games, more countries are developing the game. We hope that the game will be as great as football or basketball.

Rabu, Mei 20, 2009

The Digestive System

When you are hungry and you smell dinner, your mouth waters. This is the first step in changing the food you eat into the kind of food that cells can use. This change is called digestion and it begin in the mouth.

Suppose you are eating sandwich. Your front teeth cut and tear the sandwich. The molars grind it, salvia, the juice in the mouth, gets everything moist.

Salvia also contains a type of chemical called an enzyme. It starts breaking down the starch of the bread into sugar.

The moist ball of the food is carried to the back of the mouth by the tongue. Muscles force the food into to esophagus, behind the windpipe. Other muscle force the food to esophagus. They do their work so well that the food would travel along even if the person were doing a headstand.

TheOlyimpic Game

The ancient Olympic grew out of religious festivals that many Greek cities held to honour their gods. Athletic contest, like foot racing and wresting, were part of these festivals. As Greece became a bigger and more important country, the cities started holding a large festival as a sign of unity. They eventually chose a place called Olympia to hold the festival party because if its many religious temples. Every four years, all wars were stopped as the country came together to honour the god Zeus.

These early Olympics each lasted between one and three days, but from around 400 BC, the festival was a full five days as more and more events were added. Many if these events are still held today, like running races, the javelin, the discus, wrestling and boxing.

Even though the Olympics had been held for hundreds of years, the first time any none kept track of the winners was in 776 BC. A cook named Coroebus was the first champion listed, winning a race of about 210 yards. At that time, winners were presented with a simple olive tree branch which was cut with a gold-handled knife from a wild olive tree. The Greeks believed that the vitality of the sacred tree was transmitted to the recipient through the branch.

During the 1000 years after those first “official” Games in 776 BC, Greece came under Roman rule. After the 293rd Olympics in 393 AD, the Roman emperor Theodosius II declared that the Games would no longer be held and the Olympic movement ended.

The idea to revive the Olympics began 1482 years later. In 1875, a group of German archeologists excavated the ruins of the stadium and temples of Olympia, which had been destroy by an earthquake and buried by a landslide and floods. Their discoveries inspired Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a French educator, to organize a modern international Olympics. He felt international competition between amateur athletes would help create friendly relationship between people from other countries.

Coubertin presented his idea in 1894, and at first many people had no interest n the revival of the games, but later on unexpectedly a great number of people supported his idea. Coubertin went on founding the International Olympic Committee would have the responsibility of keeping he amateur spirit o the games alive, and ensuring there were no outside influence involved in the decisions of its members.

Coubertin’s original idea was to hold the moderen Olympic Games in 1990 in Paris, but delegates from 34 countries did not agree with the concept. They convinced him to move up to 1896 and they moved the host to Athens. The Olympics return to the land of its birth and was a great success.

Nowadays, the Olympic Games are the most important international sport events in the world. The Olympics bring together thousands of the world’s finest athletes to compete against one another in numerous individual and team sports. Millions of people have attended the games and more than 1 billion people throughout the world watch the Olympics on television.

Selasa, Mei 19, 2009

Rahwana VS Hanoman

The first of the show was about Rahwana and how he caught Shinta. She struggled hard but she could not escape from him. Then came the fight between Rahwana and the big bird Jatayu. It was a really big bird. Its two wings move up and down all of the time during the fight. But Rahwana was much stronger than the bird and won the fight. He than carried Shinta to his place.

Rama was of course very sad. He than sent Hanuman, the great white monkey warrior, to Rahwana’s place to give his ring to Shinta.

When Indrajit, one of Rahwana’s warrior, caught Hanuman and tried to burn him on a pile of wood, the white monkey jumped out of the fire unhurt.

Hanuman than burned down the Rahwana’s place. The gamelan played loudly and quickly. The fire made everything red and Hanuman danced proudly.

Indonesia an Archipelago Country

Indonesia is the largest archipelago and the sixth most popular country in the world. Consisting of five main island and 30 smaller archipelagoes, it has a total of 13,677 island of which about 6000 are in habited. It spans 512 km. (3,200 miles) between Australia and the Asian mainland and divides the Pacific and Indian oceans at the Equator.

The main island are Sumatra (473,606 square kilometers), Kalimantan (539,460 square kilometers), Sulawesi (189,216 square kilometers) and Irian Jaya ( 421,981 square kilometers). Indonesia shares the island of Kalimantan (two-thirds) with Malaysia and Irian Jaya with Papua Guinea. Kalimantan was formerly known as Borneo and Sulawesi as Celebes.

Indonesia is divided into 32 province and special territories and is classified geographically into four groups. The Greater Sunda island which comprised of Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan and Sulawesi; the Lesser Sunda island (Nusa Tenggara) which all the island from Bali to East Nusa Tenggara; Maluku (The Mollucces) comprising a separate group.

A long chain of mountains and volcanic belt spread to from the backbone of the island of Sumatra, Java, Bali and the others to the east. Of the 300 volcanoes, 128 are active, more othan half of which have erupted. The most famous is Krakatau and island volcano located in the Sunda strait between Java and Sumatra islands. It is eruption in 1883 threw up ashes into the air which are believed to have circle the earth for two years. The volcano craters are generally located in sparsely populated areas and do not pose a direct threat to the population. Instead, the lava and volcanic ashes have been partly responsible for the fertility of the soil. In the spite of the volcanoes, there are relatively few earth-quakes and Indonesia lies outside the typhoon belt.

Senin, Mei 18, 2009

The History od Newspaper

Before the invitation of printing machine, people speared news by word of mouth, written letters or public notice. As more people learn to read and write, people began to think about the need of written news report. Ancient Rome had a particular sophisticated system for circulating written news. It is called ACTA DIURNA (daily events) handwritten news sheets posted by the government in the public marketplace from the year 59 BC* to at least 222 AD*. ACTA DIURNA announced news of politics, trials, scandals, military campaigners and execution. In China, early government produced news sheets, called TIPAO, circulate among court officials during the Had Dynasty (202 BC – 202 AD). At some point during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), the Chinese used carved wooden blocks to print TIPAO, making them the first printed newspaper in history.

A printing machine was firstly developed in Europe in 1950 and European officials soon began using it to publish news. Short pamphlets, called news book, in formed the public of royal wedding, victorious battles or other news worthy events. News Ballads recounted news in Europe and the American colonies when officials wanted to inform the public of important events.
Newspaper published under the same name on a regular schedule first appeared a Venice, Italy, in he 16th century. Handwritten newspaper called avisi or gazettes, appeared weekly as early as 1566.they reported news about wars and politics in other parts of Italy and Europe. Venetian gazettes establish a style of journalism that most early printed newspaper followed.

Newspapers speared rapidly through out Europe. One page weeklies appeared in Base;, Switzerland, by 1610, in Frank-furt, Germany and Vienna, Austria by 1615, in Hamburg, Germany by 1616, in Berlin, Germany by 1617 and Amsterdam, The Netherlands by 1618. the first Newspaper printed in England appeared in 1621 and France produced a newspaper in 1631. the first continuously publish English newspaper was the Weekly news, published from 1622 to 1641.

Early English newspaper were generally printed in one of two formats : in the style of the Dutch paper or in the style of the early German weeklies. Dutch style papers compressed news stories onto four or fewere pages, while news in German style weeklies covered up to 24 pages. English published first used the Dutch style but switched to the Germany style by 1622.

English newspaper were among the first in the world to used headlines to attract readers. English newspaper also set new business standards. They hired women as reporters, printed advertisements as a source of revenue and paid newsboys or more commonly newsgirls, to sell papers in the streets.

Newspaper, including those printed in English, had strong influences on society and they had been used to spread opinions that were offensive to authorities. Because of this, newspaper faced censorship and tight regulation through much of the 17th century. This resulted in many changes on their style.

Tana Toraja

Tana Toraja is situated in South Sulawsi. It is eight hours drive from Makassar, where the nearest airport located. Tana Toraja is famous for it’s death ceremonies. It was foreign anthropologists who made it internationally known.

Beside it’s culture, it’s hospitable people and breathtaking landscape along the way to Tana Toraja attract tourists to visit this place. It is reported that thousands of tourists come to place every year. ‘It has a mixture of beautiful scenery, hospitable people and amazing culture,’ said Halim Indrakusuma, president director of PACTO Ltd, a Jakarta based inbound tour operator. The complex mixture of scenic beauty and magical culture of Torajans have been know for years. In 1974, Neckermann, one of the biggest German Tour operators, started bringing large numbers of foreign tourists to the place.

When thousand first came, the local were happy as they could learn something from the outside world. There was a great hope that tourism would increase their economy. It would bring many job opportunities.

However, when hordes of tourists finally arrived, the local people were not happy any more, especially when ignorant tourists came wearing shorts while they were carrying out their sacred ceremonies. The matter got worse when they had to hold their ceremonies to coincide with the visiting time of some VIP guest brought in by government official. They felt that soul of their ceremonies was lost.

The worst effect of tourism on the Torajan is that tourism has caused many of their sacred artifacts, like funeral effigies and even their ancestor’s skulls., to be stolen. Prof. Hetty Nooy-Palm, a cultural anthropologist from the University of Amsterdam, showed the tragic disappearance of most of tautau, dummies representing the deceased, from the cliff graves im Lemo between 1981 and 1987.

Actually, those were primarily caused by communication problems. The local people could not effectively tell the foreigners what they should not do in their ceremonies. Moreover, there are some irresponsible guides who translate differently to tour operators when local people complain of their problems and views. That is admitted by Mr. Indrakusuma.

Apparently, the government should improve their tourism management. The increasing number of tourists is important, but the traditions of Torajan is important to be keep as well. If the traditions really loose their soul, it is obvious that the number of tourist will decrease.

Minggu, Mei 17, 2009

Batik Indonesia

Batik is still popular in Indonesia. Where ever you go, you will see many people wearing batik. Nowadays, student from certain school wear batik shirt or blouse as their uniform. Do you know, how batik cloth is made?

Batik making is traditional made by women, either at home or in a small workshop. The material used is usually cotton. Today however, silk, satin and other material are also used,

The design is outline on the piece cloth in pencil or charcoal. Molten wax is then applied by using canting. The canting is used to draw the pattern on the cloth. The material is then dipped in a dye. Wax is applied to certain area in order that the color does not penetrate. The wax is then removed and the process is repeated with a different colored dye.

Bandung Bondowoso and Roro Jonggrang Story

Once, there was a beautiful Javanese princess whose name was Roro Jongrang. Roro Jongrang whose beauty very famous in the land was the daughter of Prabu Baka, an evil King.

One day, a handsome young man with super natural power, named Bandung Bondowoso, defeated and killed Prabu Baka. On seeing Princess Roro Jongrang’s Beauty, Bandung Bondowoso felling in love and wanted to marry her.

Meanwhile, Princess Roro Jongrang, felt sad due to the death of her father. She did not want to marry Bandung because he had killed her father. But she was also afraid of Bandung. So to refuse politely, she made a condition. “I will marry you but you have to build one thousand temple in one night as a wedding gift” requested Roro Jongrang. Bandung agreed with this condition.

Helped by the spirit of demons, Bandung Bondowoso started building the temples. Approaching midnight, the work was nearly done. Roro Jongrang knew and thought, “What shall I do? Bandung is smarter than me. I will lose against Bandung”

Suddenly she got an idea. She up all the women in the place and ordered them to make the noisy sound of grinding rice so that roosters would think it had already dawn.

Bandung Bondowoso got frustrated because he failed to complete the thousand temple. “The princess has decided me!’ following his anger, he cursed Roro Jongrang, “You have cheated me. Now, The thousandth temple is you!”

At once, the princess turned into a statue.

Knowing this, Bandung Bondowoso regretted this and he went away into a far land. From them, people called the temple Prambanan Temple and the princess statue, Roro Jongrang Statue.

Borobudur Temple

Borobudur is a Hindhu-Buddhist temple built in the 9th century under the Syailendra dynasty of Java. It is located near Magelang on the Java Island, Indonesia.

Abandoned in the 11th century and partially excavated by archeologist in the early 20th century, Borobudur Temple is well-known all over the world.

Influenced by the Gupta architecture of India, the temple is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consist o eight-step like stone terraces, one on top o the other.

The first five terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhist sculpture in bas-relief; the upper three are circular, each with a circle of bell-shaped stups (Buddhist shrines).

The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the center of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4,8 km of passages and starirways.

The design of Borobudur, a temple mountain symbolizing the temple built at Angkor, Cambodia.

The Borobudur Temple, rededicated as an Indonesian national monument in 1983, is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people.

Jakarta City

Jakarta is a capital city of Indonesia. It is centrally located within the country on the northwest o Java Island at the mouth of Ciliwung River. Jakarta dominates Indonesian’s administrative, economy, cultural activities and is a major commercial and transportation hub within Asia. With a population about 9 million, Jakarta has more people than any other cities in Indonesia. The climate is hot and humid year-round. Rainfall occurs throughout the year, although it is the heaviest from November to May. The average annual precipitation in Jakarta is 1,790 mm. the city lies on a lat, how plain and prone to flooding during periods of heavy rainfall.

Kota is city’s oldest commercials area. It is located south of the old Sunda Kelapa Harboure. Glodok, the south of Kota is a banking retail and residential neighborhood with a large Chinese population. Merdeka Square with Monas (The National Monument) dominates the city’s central district. Surrounding the square are Istana Merdeka, the president place, The National Museum and The Istiqlal Mosque

Sabtu, Mei 16, 2009

Living In City

Living in city has both advantages and disadvantages. On the plus side, It is often easier to find work and there usually a choice of public transportation, so you don’t need to own a car. Alsom there are a lot of interesting thing to do and place to see.

For example, you can eat in good restaurant, visit museums and to the theatre and to concerts. What is more, when you want to relax, you can usually find a park where you can feed the ducks or just sit on park bench and reed a book. Al in all, city life is full of bustle and variety and you need never fell bored.

However, for every plus there is a minus. For one thing, you might have a job, but unless it is very well paid, you will not able to afford many of the things that there are to do, because living in a city is often very expensive.

It is particularly difficult to find good, cheep accommodation, what is more, public transport is sometimes crowded and dirty, particularly in the rush hour and even the parks can become very crowded, especially on Sundays when it seems that every city dweller is looking for some open space and green grass. Last of all, despite all the crowds, it is still possible to feel very lonely in a city.

In conclusion, I think that city life can be particularly appealing to young people who like the excitement of the city and did not mind the noise and pollutin. However, many people, when they get older and particularly when they have young children often prefer the peace and fresh air of the countryside.

Scientist Keep Eye On Five Raging Volcanoes

Scientist anxiously watch five volcanoes nationwide on Thursday, as fears over more natural disasters escalated with four more mountains rumbling into life over the past three day.

While thousands of refugees spent a third night in tents having fled the slopes of Sumatra’s Mount Talang, where hot ash has been raining down since Monday, much attention focused on Mt. Tangkuban Perahu, which is located near densely populated Bandung City and only a few hundred kilometers east of Jakarta.

Next week Bandung will host than 50 heads of state, including China’s president, at the Asian-African Summit.

While activity on the mountain decreased on Thursday compared to a day earlier, biggest crater on the volcano Domas, spewed hot ash into the air 21 time.

Another Blow For Indonesia

For those living in Indonesia’s north western region it must have felt like a nightmare. The recent earthquake has cost al least several hundreds lives and possibly rendered thousands more homeless on the island of Nias, off the north Sumatra coast.

While the earthquake is not as enormous as the Boxing Day is to encourage economic integration with developing countries. It means an end to trade barriers and to assist them in eradicating the corruption and cronyism that holds many of them back.

We will never be able to do anything about the destructive earth on which we live. But we can create societies whose cities, buildings and institution are better equipped to withstand nature’s assault.

Tsunami Alert On Track

The violent earthquake off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra late on Monday night created a panic in Thailand and other countries around the Indian Ocean rim. It was a grim reminder that tsunamis, one of the world’s most devastating natural disasters, could strike at any time.

The successful early warning system and subsequent evacuation were a good exercise, allow us to evaluate our preparedness to respond to disasters.

Above all, the costly lesson learned on Dec, 26 should convince the government that managing our country’s preparedness to deal with disaster should be left to professionals. Professionals who are free to exercise their judgment without fear of favour or intervention from politician.

English Teaching Method

Teaching method is a method that is used in teaching learning process. It is eone of important factors to improve the quality of teaching learning process in education, both formal and informal education. Why is it so important factor in educatin ? because of it will influence the result of teaching learning process. It will be able to increase or decrease the competence of the teacher and student.

We can understand the effectiveness and efficiency of teaching learning process in education by teaching method. The effectiveness and efficiency of teaching methos is important too. It will give impact to get success in teaching learning process, especially to learn foreign language. So it is a good way to make a selection how to choose a correct teaching method in education.

The are many teaching method of foreign language teaching. They are The Grammar Translation Method, The Direct Method, The audio Lingual Method, Community Language Learning and Suggestion Al of teaching method of foreign language teaching above has difference in the goal, the role and the characteristic. Those method describe about difference of principal and technique. It is caused by difference background and time. It is no easy to choose and to apply a correct teaching method. A correct teaching method has some criteria. One of them is principal and technique. So we have to know comprising both principal and technique in teaching. Because of it involve some aspect. They are the teacher and the student, teaching and learning process and the target language. The will give impact in education.

All of teaching method above is about foreign language teaching, but they have positive and negative effect for the teacher and students. Because among The Grammar Translation Method, The direct Method, The Audio Language Method, Community Language Learning and suggestion are made in difference background and goal.

In TOEFL 2, we learning and try to understand kind of teaching method of language foreign teaching. Among tat teaching method above, we thing that Suggestion is suitable teaching method in teaching learning process. Why is it?

Learning bring with them to the learning situation. It is one way to eliminate the fear. We know that students feel if they do not be able to perform. They feel that their abilities are limited. The fear will limited students’ capability and success in learning. So this method tries to reduce the students’ fear in the class.

The characteristics of teaching learning are comfortable classroom, easy chair, soft lightning, soft music, posters and picture. The facilities will support students’ activities in the class it will decrease secure situation so the teaching learning process well. The role of teacher is the authority in the class, but they are as a partnership. Students are as active responder (they don’t fell the fear).

If suggestion is compared with others teaching method :

It is a new method than others method (GMT, DM, ALM). So it contains new ideas and more modern.

It is one of method that to make a balance between intellectual and psychology. We know that secure of psychology is important in education. Student go to school not only to get knowledge, but they need secure of psychology. it will increase student’ mental power and self-confidence to reduce the fear and to make students ready to get knowledge.

It is effective and efficiency method. This class is just for 15-16 students. The teacher is able to understand the development of students one by one. So teaching learning process more effective.

The situation of class is more comfortable. It is sported by complete facilities (easy chair, soft music, picture and posters). The student fell more relax in teaching learning process. It will raise their spirit to study.

Finally, we know that leaching method of foreign language teaching is impotant in educatin. We must understand the goal the characteristic each teaching method because it will influence the result to teaching learning process in education.

Learning Indonesia by Folkteles

Indonesia Folktales is the effort of an Indonesian academic and children’s literature expert, Murti Bunanta. It introduces her country to the worl, as well as to her fellow countrymen, in the field she know best, folklore.

Murti has written 31 picture-books, and compile a collection of 29 folktales. The book is part of the World Folklore Series. It reminds that the country has a wonderful diversity of cultures. An award-winning writer, Murti retells the tales delightfully in her aim to preserve the age-old oral tradition.

Murti collected the stories in Indonesia Folktales from many sources, aside from friends and her childhood memories.

In the preface, she points our that 13 of the 29 stories collected through oral sources and 16 were taken from written material. According to the author, at least 12 folktales in the anthology have never been published before, not even in Indonesia.

Apart from the expected themes, Murti also includes a theme unusual to the genre : the independent woman. These tales about strong women are about living one’s own dreams. Often a happy ending is not always is store for such women. Still, it is inspiring to know that women’s struggle is acknowledged in these folktales. Three such stories are include in the anthology, and all are from Sumatra.

Anpther theme is local legends, such as The Legend of Lake Toba from North Sumatra, The Legends of a Swamp (Rawa Bening) from Central Java and The Lagend of Banyuwangi from East Java.

Indonesian Folktales is divided into three chapters : A general introduction to Indonesia, Food, Game , Craft and The Tales. The folktales are each illustrated by well-known cartoonist G.M. Sudharta. The book also incorporates photographs from various institutions, as well as from family and friends.

In the and, Indonesian Folktales is worth reading-and keeping-for those who want to broaden their knowledge on traditional Indonesian Culture. It is hope that this kind of literature will reach a wide readership.

Jumat, Mei 15, 2009

Cleaning Up Jakarta's Air

Jakarta’s clean air campaigners seem to be making some headway in their long, uphill fight against pollution. At long last, the city fathers have begun to show some unmistakable. Sign of discomfort at having the nation’s capital rated the third-most polluted in the world, after Mexico City and Bangkok. Now, steps are being taken to cut the city’s air pollution.

After almost a year-long trial and education, smoking in public places will be prohibited as of next year. Lest they lose some of their tobacco-puffing clientele, however, hotels, mall, cafes and restaurants will still be allowed to tolerate smokers. But they have to do their puffing in restricted smoking areas.

But while all this will no doubt please Jakarta’s growing numbers of non-smokers, the main target of the anti-pollution drive will be the roads. There are 1.5 million cars pouring out the choking black smoke. You can see the blue fog from the 3 million motorbikes and the billowing smoke from thousands of city busses. They not only throw Jakarta’s traffic into a state of disorder every day in the year, but also contribute to some 80 percent of the city’ air pollution.

Now, pubic demands are being voiced for City Hall to require public transportation operators to use compressed natural gas (CNG) instead of gasoline. Gas, it is presumed, gives off less pollution and could in the final instance be cheaper than gasoline.

Understandably, many people stand to be inconvenienced by the city’s new clean air regulations. Jakarta simply cannot go on accommodating a 7 percent annual growth in the number of motor vehicles on it’s road. Unless they are willing to see the city strangled and suffocated in an unending tangle of cars and motorbike by 2010. something, indeed, must be done.

Craft Industry Sinking Behind Other Countries

“Give a Balinese man a piece of wood and he will create a beautiful carving or a statue. But don’t take him to the forest or he will cut down all the tress and produce handcrafts.”

These word illustrate a common perception of people of Balinese ethnicity. Although not all Balinese have the skill and talent to become artisans, such as description is true of Made Tatib, 48, who has been a woodcarver for the last 30 years. His love of carving is evident in his works, which are of high artistic merit and very “saleable”. Indeed, he has made enough money to build a beautiful Balinese-style house and to send his children to universities in Denpasar and Surabaya, East Java.

“But, that money was made a few years ago when there were a lot of tamu (foreign buyer or visitors) coming to Bali. Since 2001, Bali has been through a series of crises and only a few people have visited the village to buy our products, “ he said.

In the village of Mas in Gianyar, some 25 kilometers northeast of Denpasar, there are dozens of perhaps hundreds of artisans like Made Tatib. The village is Bali’s major centre for modern woodcarving. They offer mass-produced item, made of cheep wood and priced at less than a dollar. There are other exquisite woodcarvings made of ebony or sandalwood price at over US$100 and some works valued at over a thousand dollars a piece. A number of artisans have made good money through exporting their carvings, particular to Japan and Australia.

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