Minggu, Mei 17, 2009

Borobudur Temple

Borobudur is a Hindhu-Buddhist temple built in the 9th century under the Syailendra dynasty of Java. It is located near Magelang on the Java Island, Indonesia.

Abandoned in the 11th century and partially excavated by archeologist in the early 20th century, Borobudur Temple is well-known all over the world.

Influenced by the Gupta architecture of India, the temple is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consist o eight-step like stone terraces, one on top o the other.

The first five terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhist sculpture in bas-relief; the upper three are circular, each with a circle of bell-shaped stups (Buddhist shrines).

The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the center of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4,8 km of passages and starirways.

The design of Borobudur, a temple mountain symbolizing the temple built at Angkor, Cambodia.

The Borobudur Temple, rededicated as an Indonesian national monument in 1983, is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people.

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