Rabu, Mei 20, 2009

TheOlyimpic Game

The ancient Olympic grew out of religious festivals that many Greek cities held to honour their gods. Athletic contest, like foot racing and wresting, were part of these festivals. As Greece became a bigger and more important country, the cities started holding a large festival as a sign of unity. They eventually chose a place called Olympia to hold the festival party because if its many religious temples. Every four years, all wars were stopped as the country came together to honour the god Zeus.

These early Olympics each lasted between one and three days, but from around 400 BC, the festival was a full five days as more and more events were added. Many if these events are still held today, like running races, the javelin, the discus, wrestling and boxing.

Even though the Olympics had been held for hundreds of years, the first time any none kept track of the winners was in 776 BC. A cook named Coroebus was the first champion listed, winning a race of about 210 yards. At that time, winners were presented with a simple olive tree branch which was cut with a gold-handled knife from a wild olive tree. The Greeks believed that the vitality of the sacred tree was transmitted to the recipient through the branch.

During the 1000 years after those first “official” Games in 776 BC, Greece came under Roman rule. After the 293rd Olympics in 393 AD, the Roman emperor Theodosius II declared that the Games would no longer be held and the Olympic movement ended.

The idea to revive the Olympics began 1482 years later. In 1875, a group of German archeologists excavated the ruins of the stadium and temples of Olympia, which had been destroy by an earthquake and buried by a landslide and floods. Their discoveries inspired Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a French educator, to organize a modern international Olympics. He felt international competition between amateur athletes would help create friendly relationship between people from other countries.

Coubertin presented his idea in 1894, and at first many people had no interest n the revival of the games, but later on unexpectedly a great number of people supported his idea. Coubertin went on founding the International Olympic Committee would have the responsibility of keeping he amateur spirit o the games alive, and ensuring there were no outside influence involved in the decisions of its members.

Coubertin’s original idea was to hold the moderen Olympic Games in 1990 in Paris, but delegates from 34 countries did not agree with the concept. They convinced him to move up to 1896 and they moved the host to Athens. The Olympics return to the land of its birth and was a great success.

Nowadays, the Olympic Games are the most important international sport events in the world. The Olympics bring together thousands of the world’s finest athletes to compete against one another in numerous individual and team sports. Millions of people have attended the games and more than 1 billion people throughout the world watch the Olympics on television.

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